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3 1833 01201 9458 







Thomas Apsley, = 

of Thakeham Place, 

Esquire of the Body 

to Edward IV. and 

Queen Elizabeth. 

Beatrix, dau. of 

of Sussex, by the e 

She was one of th 

of the Quae 


William Apsley, 

of Thakeham Place. 

cl- 1527- 

=Jane, dau. of William Ashburr 
She married, and, Richard Co 
of Slaugham Place. 

John Apsley, 
of Thakeham Place, 
Iron-works at 
Shipley, 1582. 

William Apsley. 

d. 1583. 


Eliza Lloyd. 

Sir Edward Apsley, 
Knt. of Thakeham Place. 

m. Eliza Elmes, 
of Lydford, Northants. 

: 1st, Jane, dau. of 
John Michell, 

of Buckfield, Sussex. 

=2nd, Mary, dau. of 
I Edward Lewkenor, 
I of Kingston-Bowsey. 


of Ticehurst. 

Alive 1628. 


Judith Randolph. 

b. 1578. 

1 I 

Ann, Col. Edward Apsley 

m.Matt.Caldecott. of Thakeham Place, 

She inherited M.P. for Steyning. 

Thakeham Place Sequestrator for .Sussex 

from her brother to the Parliament. 

Alice, = Sir J 



Elizabeth Jekfekay, 


d. 161 1, m. Sir Edward 


Montagu, K.B., created 

Left Old Place 

Baron Montagu. 
d. 1640. 

to Sir Allen 
Apsley, junio 

5Y, Elizabeth, 


Lady in Waiting to 
Queen Elizabeth 


Sir John Ba 

ex of Bohemia. 

Butler. ere. 

m. Sir Albertus Morton, 


Sec. of State to 


James I. 
and Ambassador at 


the Hague. 







Stephen Apsley. = Margaret, dau. and heiress of 
■ Apsley, at Thakeham, I Slephen Le Power, d. 1352. 
r. Pulljotough, SusscK. Sergeanl-al-Law, 

Alive I34r I ovfnet of Thakeham Place. 

Stephen Apsley, = dau. and heiress ol 

of Thakeh am Place. I Papiland. 

John Apsley, = JONE, dau. and heiress of 
of Thakeham Place. I John Sidney of Alford, 

Ince, I of Sussex, by the dau 
Body She was one of the n 
and oflheQiieeifo 

of Old Place, Pulborough. 

Nicholas Apsley, = Mary, 
of Old Place. | 

in Waiting 1 
:cn Elizabeth 

Elizabeth Mont.\gu, 

m. Robert Eerlie, 

Ilaron Willoughby d'Ercsby, 

Earls of Abingdon. 

ons Willoughby d'Ere 

Barons Gwydyr. 












Pedigree i 

Apsleys and Le Powers i 

Rebellion of Jack Cade 2 

Elder Branch of Apsleys ... 
John Apsley's Ironworks ... 

Connection between the Apsleys and Bathursts through 

the Randolphs 4 

Letters from Queen of Bohemia to Lady Apsley of 

Thakeham, and Lady Morton 4 

Letter from Lady Apsley to Queen of Bohemia ... 6 

Letter from the Queen of Bohemia to Lady Apsley ... 7 

Letter from the Queen of Bohemia to Lady Apsley ... 8 

Letter from Prince Henry to Lady Morton 9 

Letter from Prince Rupert to Lady Apsley 9 

Letter from the Queen of Bohemia to Sir A. Morton 9 

Letter from the Queen of Bohemia to Lady Morton 10 

Letter from Lady Dorset ... ... ... ... ... 11 

Letter from Lady Apsley to Sir Charles Mountigue ... 11 

Apsleys of Old Place 12 


INDEX, continued. 

Portrait by Zuchero 

Extracts from " Memoirs of Colonel Hutchinson, 
his Widow 


Sir Allen Apsley, sen 

Lucy St. John, Lady Apsley 

Extracts from " Foster's Life of Sir John Ehot " 

Extracts from Mem. of Col. Hutchinson 

Courtship of Lucy Apsley by Col. John Hutchinson 

Marriage of Lucy Apsley and Col. John Hutchinson 

Supposed Portrait of Lady Apsley 

Siege of Barnstaple 

Col. Hutchinson signs Warrant for Charles I 

The Restoration 

Death of Col. Hutchinson 

Sir Allen Apsley, junior 

Letter from Princess Anne to Lady Apsley, 1679 

Death of Sir Allen Apsley, junior 

Sir Peter Apsley 

INDEX, continued. 



Origin 42 

Lancelot Bathurst, builder of Franks 42 

Dean Bathurst 43 

Sir Benjamin Bathurst 46 

Portrait of Queen Mary ... 46 

Letter from Princess Mary to Lady Bathurst 47 

Letter from Queen Anne to Sir B. Bathurst 50 

Letter from Queen Anne to Sir B. Bathurst 50 

Letter from Queen Anne to Sir B. Bathurst 51 

Letter from Queen Anne to Sir B. Bathurst 53 

Sir Benjamin's descendants 55 

Allen, ist Earl Bathurst 56 

Marriage to Catherine Apsley 56 

Letter from Queen Anne to Lady Bathurst 58 

Queen Anne's Visit to Cirencester 60 

Letter from Bishop Atterbury to Pope 63 

Lord Bathurst's Defence of Bishop Atterbury 64 

Pope's Letters 6^ 

INDEX, continued. 

Pope's Dedication to Lord Bathurst 
Letter from Dr. Arbuthnot to Pope 
Letter from Lord Bathurst to Dean Swift 
Sterne's Account of Allen, Lord Bathurst 

Speech by Burke 

Benjamin Bathurst ... 
Henry, 2nd Earl Bathurst 
Trial of Miss Blandy 
Becomes Lord Chancellor... 
Trial of the Duchess of Kingston 
Lord G. Gordon's Riots ... 




Apsley House 

Henry, 3rd Earl Bathurst 

Mem. with reference to the Bag of the Great 








The annexed Pedigree of the Apsleys is taken from Berrfs 

Sussex Genealogies^ and from the Sussex Ai'dicco- 

Pedigree. logical Collections, Vol. IV. The Genealogies in 

these two books agree together, with one or two 

exceptions. The one in the Sussex Archce.ology is taken from 

the Visitation of Sussex, 1633-4; ffarl. AfSS., 1076, 1562, 

1664. Berry takes the earlier part — down to the Apsley who 

was Esquire to Edward IV. — from a deed of the 17th 

Edward IV., presented at the Office of Arms. Dates and 

details have been added from scattered notices in the Sussex 

Archceology, and from Colonel Hutcliinsoiis Memoirs by his 

Widow (Lucy Apsley), &:c., &:c. 

The family of Apsley derived their name in very early times 
from the lands of Apsley, in the parish of 
Apsleys Thakeham, near Pulborough, in Sussex. The 
._ p name is still preserved in Apsley Farm. The 

elder branch of the family lived at Thakeham 
Place, which became their property by the marriage of Stephen 
Apsley with Mary or Margaret Le Power, daughter and co- 
heiress of Stephen Le Power. This Stephen Le Power died in 
1352; an ancestor of his of the same name held land in 
Thakeham in 1242. A chantry was founded by a Stephen 
Le Power in Thakeham Church, " to celebrate divine service 
for the good estate of the King and his children, and of 
Stephen and Isabella, his wife and their children when living, 
and for their souls afterwards.'' Thakeham Place is now 
entirely destroyed. 


We next hear of the Apsleys in 1450 or 1451, when 
another John Apsley joined the Rebellion of 
Rebellion j.^^,!- Cade, who claimed the throne from 
Henry YL, under the assumed name of John 
Mortimer, a descendant of Edward III., who 
had, in fact, been executed about 25 years before. Cade 
marched to London, and was defeated there, and was ultimately 
killed while trying to hide himself in Sussex. A pardon was 
granted by Henry VI. to all his followers, with the exception of a 
few ringleaders, who were tried and executed. The name of 
John Apsley, jun., of Steyning, is in the list of pardons. 
Steyning is a few miles from Thakeham. There is so little 
variety in Christian names that it is difficult to say whether 
this was a youthful escapade of the John Apsley, who was the 
immediate ancestor of the Thakeham and Pulborough branches 
of the family, or if it was another member of the family. 

After this, the family divided into two great branches. The 

elder brother is described in the Si/ssex Arc/ia'ology 

Elder ^g Richard Apsley, of Thakeham, " Esquire of the 

Branch of ^. ^^ Queen Elizabeth," and in Berrvs 

A.ds1gvs j ^ 

Genealogies as John Apsley, of Thakeham, 

"Esquire of the body to Edward IV." As regards the name. 
Berry has been followed, as he professes to derive his informa- 
tion from a deed of the period. The Queen Elizabeth would 
be Elizabeth Woodville, wife of Edward IV. Beatrix Knotsford 
or Knutsford, who was one of the maids of honour of the 
Queen of England, was probably attached to the same court as 
her husband. She is buried at Thakeham Church, but it is 
difficult to identify her husband among the other Apsley tombs 
in the church. Her son, William Apsley, is buried there ; and 
his wife, Jane Ashburnham, who afterwards married Richard 
Covert, of Slaugham Place, Sussex — now a picturesque ruin — 


is buried with her second husband in Slaugham Church, where 
their effigies are still to be seen. 

The next in succession, another John Apsley, was wise in 
his generation, and no doubt much increased his 

John fortune by becoming an ironmaster, after the 

ps ey s custom of the Sussex gendemen of his day. In 

1576 he bought land at Shipley, a few miles from 

Thakeham, and established iron works there. It seems that he 
was successful in his new business, although he must have taken 
to it late in life. His mother's family, the Ashburnhams, were 
also noted ironmasters. In the Sussex Arduwlogy there are 
engravings of two fire-backs, embossed with the names of the 
persons for whom they were made, and marked with the 
initials, " I. A. " (John Apsley), and a number of small shields 
with a fleur-de-lis on each, surrounded by a crown, with the 
date of 1582. It has been observed W\2i\. fleurs-de-lis, either 
large or small, are very common in Sussex ironwork, and an 
attempt has been made to explain this by the possible presence 
of French workmen at the furnaces ; but this seems a far- 
fetched suggestion, as there is no evidence that there were any 
French workmen in the county, and if there had been it is not 
likely that they would be allowed to use their national emblem 
on English work. The fact oi fleurs-de-lis being on the fire- 
backs marked " I. A.," suggests that the Apsleys, who were 
evidently eminent ironmasters, should have made use of part of 
their own crest as their trade-mark. It is not unlikely that the 
fire-back in the library of Cirencester House, with three fleurs- 
de-lis on it, and the date of 1629, is of Sussex iron, made, 
perhaps, at the Shipley Ironworks, for the Apsleys of Old Place. 
Its presence at Cirencester would be easily accounted for, as 
Old Place ultimately became the property of the second Sir 
Allen Apsley, and we may suppose that the furniture descended 










to his heirs, the Bathursts, and found its way to Cirencester, 
including the fire-back and the portrait of the first Sir Allen's 
mother, by Zuchero. In the present century there were some 
andirons at Apsley House, marked with the initials, " I. A." 

This John Apsley's second son, Anthony, married Judith 
Randolph, whose aunt, another Judith Randolph, 
was the wife of Lancelott Bathurst, Alderman of 
London, and builder of Franks, the grand- 
parents of Sir Benjamin Bathurst. We may 
suppose that Mrs. Anthony Apsley was the cause 
of an acquaintance between the Apsleys and 
Bathursts in London, which, in another generation, 
resulted in the marriage of Sir Benjamin Bathurst 
and Frances Apsley. Relationships and even distant connections 
were kept up at that time far more than in the present day. 
In the Sussex Archceological Collections (4th vol.), there are 
many interesting letters from Queen Elizabeth of 
Bohemia, the daughter of James I., to Lady 
Apsley (Eliza Elmes)^ wife of Sir Edward Apsley, 
and to her daughter Elizabeth, who was one of 
the Queen of Bohemia's ladies, and afterwards 
married Sir Albertus Morton, Secretary of State 
to James I., and English Ambassador at the 
Hague, where she was living with the exiled 
Queen. We do not know whether she left 
England with the Princess Elizabeth, on her 
marriage to Frederick Elector Palatine, in 161 3, or joined her 
afterwards in the beautiful Casde of Heidelberg, which was the 
residence of the Counts of the Rhine Palatinate. This 
Princess, unfortunately, was not content with her charming 
palace. Her mother, Queen Anne of Denmark, had originally 
intended her to marry the King of Spain, and when that scheme 

Letters of 

Clueen of 


to Lady 




and Lady 



fell through, and the far less brilliant marriage with the Elector 
Palatine was arranged, she used to laugh at her daughter and 
call her " Goodwife " and " Mistress Palsgrave." These jests, 
no doubt, rankled in the Electress's mind, and when her dull 
and weak husband was offered the crown of Bohemia by the 
Protestants of that country, in opposition to the Catholic King, 
the Emperor Ferdinand II. of Germany, she saw an opportunity 
of becoming Queen, and persuaded him to accept it, however 
little suited he was to be the champion of Protestantism, and 
to shake the power of the Emperor of Germany. He shed 
tears when he signed his acceptance of the throne, but she 
attained her wish, and was crowned at Prague with her husband, 
who was afterwards called the Winter King, because he was 
crowned in one winter and fled the next. Sir Albertus Morton 
was present at this Coronation in November, 1619, and no 
doubt had his first sight of his future wife on that occasion. 
After this, the troubles of the Bohemian King and Queen soon 
began, and Elizabeth Apsley must have spent much of the 
following year shut up in the Fortress of Prague, from which 
the royal party escaped with much danger and difficulty, after a 
disastrous battle, in which Frederick's army was completely 
routed by the Emperor, Nov. 20th, 1620. Their subsequent 
life at the Hague was spent quietly enough among the numerous 
and increasing royal family. Of this family, the twelfth child, 
Sophia, afterwards became heiress to the English crown. The 
following letter, written by Lady Apsley to the Queen of 
Bohemia, is dated by the mention of the birth of the Queen's 
fourth son, Prince Maurice, who afterwards fought in the Civil 
Wars of England in defence of his uncle, Charles I. It must 
therefore have been written February 7th, 1621, three months 
after the Battle of Prague, when, no doubt, Lady Apsley was 
extremely anxious to get her daughter safe home, after the 


terrible experiences she had gone through during the hurried 
flight from Prague, in the depth of winter, and the subsequent 
wanderings of her royal mistress. 

" Most gracious Quene, — Your acostemed fafiorable hearin 

makes me presum thus farre to relate my joye in 

Letter hearing of your sauef delivery of a fourth sonn, 

from which God bles with the rest ; among so many 

Laay reports to the contrary, and your great journey, 

f^ f wherby you see Godes blesed providence to be 

Bohemia ^^® safest keper, both to gret and small, and all : 

though it plesed not God to give your worthy 

king the first victoary, I hope in Godes great mercyes he will 

the last, to his comfort and the good of his church : and nowe 

it hath plesed God to make your maigesty a mother of so 

many swet children, and som of them nowe so far from you, 

I presum most humbly to entreat you will be plesed to thinke 

of an old womones afection to your old servant, howes ritourn 

for England I hartly wish, when your maigesty is plesed to 

part with her ; and thus, with her that hath hithertowe desirede 

my desier herein, to your best liking, which I shall desier to 

here of. I most humbly take my leve, beseching God his 

blesed providence may ever be on you and youres, and rest 

your maigestyes to be commanded. 

Febrary Vllth. Elizabeth Apsley." 

The next letter, though without date or direction, appears 
to have been written at the Hague, in 162 1, to Lady Apsley. 
The "Schonberg" alluded to was, no doubt, the widow of the 
Count de Schonberg, who had been the Elector's ambassador 
to James I., to negotiate his marriage with the Princess 
Elizabeth, which led to his own marriage with Anne, daughter 
of Baron Dudley, which he only survived a year. 


"Good Madame, — I thank you verie much for your last, 

which I receaved being in the High Palatinat, 

Letter which I could not answeare by reasone of my 

of the travelling up and doune till my comming hither : 

Q,ueen oi ^^^ diferance you writ of betweene Schonberg 

, ^ , and your daughter is true, but I assure you that 

to Lady ■' , ^ ^ , , 

. I Apsley gave no such cause of ofence as needed 

to have been taken so hainously, having onely 

defended her right ; as for me it did not trouble me much, 

because I was resolved not lett Apsley have no wrong, nor 

will suffer it as long as I live, although I love Schonberg verie 

w^ell, yett (if) she does ill, she is not to be excused no more 

than anie other ; as for your daughter, I should be verie loth to 

lett her goe, she serves me so faithfuUie and willinglie as I trust 

none so much as shee, and I will ever do for her as much as I 

can ; I hope one day to bring her and my self to you in to 

England, then you shall see how much she is mended, for she 

is now a little broader than she is long, and speaks French so 

well as she will make one forsweare that toung to heare her, 

her nose will be in time a little longer, for my little one doth 

pull hard at it ; as for Dutch Bess, Sudly caries it, mouth and 

all, but neare a count will byte yet, although wee would faine 

have them. I am sure Thom. Lewinstons wif tell you manie 

newes, but doe not trust her, for a matter that I know; it will be 

to long for me to tell it you, but I have tolde your daughter. I 

end. desiring you to beleeve that will ever be as I am. 

Your constant friend, 


The following is directed "To the Ladie Apsley," and on 
the green silk which fastened it, there still remain two im- 
pressions of the Queen's seal, most beautifully cut, and though 



not larger than a fourpenny piece, exhibiting distinctly the 
numerous quarterings of her husband's arms and her own. 

" Good Madame, — I give you manie thankes for your kinde 

letter to me and tokens to my children ; you have 

Letter putt yourself to too much paynes about them, for 

01 tne J assure you without that, you nor your daughter, 

.„ , . my deare servant, shoulde never be forgotten by 

Bohemia ^ & / 

to Ladv "^' ^"^ those tokens they shall ever keep for both 

Apslev. your sakes. I am verie well content that your 

daughter, my Ladie Butler, shall keep my picture, 

it cannot be in a better place. I pray commend me both to 

her and him, whom I verie well remember heere. I shall ever 

be readie to (do) them all the good I can, both for your dear 

daughters sake and yours to whom I ame ever, 

Your true affectionate frend, 

I pray weare this small token for my sake, which is to 
assure you of my constant love. 
The Hagh, this 2d of August." 
The two following letters are from the two young princes, 
both written in schoolboy's hands, and apparently as thanks for 
the " tokens " alluded to in the pi-eceding letter. Being written 
after Lady Morton's return to England, they were all probably 
a few years later in date. Prince Frederick Henry, the eldest 
son (born 1614), was a youth at this time, and was drowned at 
Harlaem, in 1629, in his fifteenth year. The well-known 
Prince Rupert, who took so conspicuous a part in the English 
Civil Wars, was the third son, born 161 9, and at this time 
could write but imperfectly, using ruled lines to help him. The 
same small seal was used by both, displaying two pipes within 
chaplets interlaced. 




Pr. Henry 

to Lady 




Pr. Rupert 

to Lady 


Madame, — By this I will onely give you thankes for your 
last letter, for captain who now caleth upon me 
and hath promised to see this delivered to your 
handes, maketh such haste away, that I can only 
wish you health and comfort, and to rest assured 
that I am 

Your most affectionate frend, 

Frederick Henry. 
(Direction outside) ' To my Lady Morton.' " 
" Madame, — I could not suffer this yo"" servant to depart 
from hence, without returneing my hartie thankes 
for the kinde tokens of your love, and my Ladie 
Morton's affection towards mee, assuring you 
that I shall not [hole in MS.] her memorie and 

Yo very affectionate frend, 

(Direction outside) ' To the Lady Apseley.' " 

The next letter retains an impression of the royal arms on 
yellow silk, and is addressed outside, " To Sir Albert Morton." 
" My honest Morton, though I have little to say to you yett 
I must write to you by this gentleman ; you shall 
know by him how the Palatinat growes worse and 
worse, and when it is at the worst I hope God will 
mend it. I see by your sweethartes letter that you 
are still my honest Morton, and assure yourself 
that I am ever 

Your most constant frend 

I pray commend me to Nethersole and bid him gett his 
dispatch as soon as he can. 
The Hagh, this W of May." 

9 C 

dueen of 
to Sir A. 


The familiarity with the wife of her "honest Morton " is 
curiously shewn in the next letter, by the Queen having erased 
the word "lady" as too formal an address; and though directed 
externally "To the ladie Morton," and sealed with the royal 
arms, she calls her " deare Apsley," by which name she had first 
known her in her service. The letter seems to refer to the 
rejection of a suitor for one of the family. 

" Deare Lady [erased] Morton, I did receave your letter 
ame glad you are so well recovered of your sick- 
Letter ness for I woulde (not) have your wish of dying 

from come to you, I love you (too) well to be willing to 

lose you ; if you can gett anything by my help I 
Queen of , , ^ . ^ .. ^ ... . . 

T, , . am glad of it, for trueiie I will ever doe for you 
Bohemia ^ ' ^ 

to Ladv '"^^ ^ ^^" ' ^'^^ ^°^ "^^ answere you give me con- 
Morton, cerning Ned Harwood, it is a verie good one, you 
could not have made a better, for though he be a 
very honest man, yett I doe not think him good enough for you : 
what I writt was at his request, as you saw by the letter I sent 
you, and now there is an end of it ; the King beeing by when 
I write this commends his love to you, and so doe I to your 
good mother ; Liddal goeth away in so weak hart I cannot say 
no more, by the next you shall have a longer letter ; in the 
meane I ame ever, deare Apsley, 

Your true constant frend 

The Hagh, this yV of November." 

These Apsley letters are in the hands of the Mabbott 
family, who are descendants of Sir Edward Apsley through 
females. Lady Apsley, when she left the residence of her 
widowhood at Worminghurst (not far from Thakeham), to stay 
in London, lodged at a tailor's in Shoe Lane, and many of her 
letters are addressed, "To the right worshipful and worthy 



lady, the Lady Elizabeth Apsley, these. Deliver this letter to 
Mr. John Carter, taylour, in Shoe Lane, hard by the ' Beare 
and Dog.' " 

The following is from the Countess of Dorset : — 

" To my assured good Cossen, the Ladey Appsley, this — 

" Good Cossen, — I pray youe sende mee the leter 

Letter vvhich my lord writ to you about the mach bee- 

twene Matte and my cossen Ane. Of my fath 

Dorset ^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^ them safiey returned, ether to 

morroe or nexte day. I have sente you a gone of 

mine, though it be but a verey baddon, yet I knoe my cossen 

will were it for my sake, to whether of your daughtres you will 

bee stoe it upone, I shall bee well plesed. These in hast, I 

rest your most assured frind and cossen, 

Anne Dorset." 

The following refers to a contemplated marriage for Colonel 
Edward Apsley. There is, however, no record that he ever 
married. The seal to this, and many other letters of Lady 
Apsley, shows the Apsley crest — a fleur-de-lis or, between two 
wings, argent. 

(Address outside) — "To hir honored and much respected 

frend. Sir Charles Mountigue, give this." 

Letter " Honored Sir, — Your former fafoures and 

from Lady now ancent aquentance makes me thus troublsom, 

Apsley to ^g jjy j|-jgg ijj^gg |. Q (J g J j g J- ^ Q^^^ Vv!\^ fourdrauce in 

,, ^. a buisenes bet wen the Lady Wilde and me, beginin 

Mountigue . . ^ ^ 

by the minister in her houses report, hath bine 

such, as I desier a proceding with her in a mach between her 

eldest daughter and my sonn : as I shall fourder relat to you 

at my coming over, and for the stert, this biarer, if your lisiuir 

will serve, can justly relate unto you, and douting to be trouble- 



som, with my best remembrance to your selfe and lady, I take 

my lieif, commiting you and ous all to Godes biased proviedence 

and rest, 

" Your afectionat frende, 

November the first." Elizabeth Apsley. 

Edward Apsley took the side of the Commonwealth in the 
Civil Wars, and became a Colonel in the Parliamentary army. 
When the Royalist gentlemen were condemned, in 1643, to 
lose their estates, Colonel Apsley was appointed one of the 
Sequestrators for Sussex, to carry out this order. Most of the 
Royalists were allowed to compound for their estates, and 
" Allen Apsley, of London," compounded for his estate for 
;!^434 8s. This must have been the second Sir Allen, and 
shows that the Pulborough estate had come into his possession 
by that time. Colonel Apsley was in command of the garrison 
at Arundel Castle, when it was taken, or rather re-taken, by the 
Royalists, in 1643, after a three days' siege. He was blamed 
for letting it go so easily, and was for some time much out of 
favour with his own party. 

The younger branch of the Apsleys lived at Old Place, 
Pulborough, which came into their possession 
through the marriage of William Apsley with 
Old Place ^^^^ Mille, who inherited Old Place from her 
brother. Old Place dates from Henry VI. 's reign, 
and was probably built by Ann Mille's father or grandfather. 
Part of the house still e>:ists. It was built round a court-yard, 
and, judging by a wood-cut in the History of Sussex, was of 
stone up to the first floor, and above that, of beams filled in 
with plaster, according to the usual style of Sussex architecture. 
The roof is thatched, but this may be a late innovation. A 
neighbouring barn is said to be of the date of Edward I., and 
from this and the name of Old Place, one may suppose the 


house was built on the site of a much older one. There is an 
escutcheon over an arched way leading into a garden, with the 
arms of Apsley, with a crescent as a mark of the younger house, 
and quartered with the arms of Power, Sydney, and Dawtrey, 
also the initials and date, " I. A., 1569" (John Apsley). It is 
curious that the arms of the Milles should not have been 
quartered with the others. There is a tradition that Queen 
Elizabeth passed under this gateway, on her return from a visit 
to Cowdray House, in August, 1591. 

John Apsley, the second in succession to the heiress of the 

Milles', married Elizabeth Shelley, of Worming- 

I'ortrait hurst, a near neighbour to his cousins at Thakeham. 

Zuchero ^ comparison of dates leads us to believe that 

it is this lady whose portrait by Zuchero is at 

Cirencester House. Zuchero was only in England from 1574 

to 1586, so that it must have been painted within that period. 

It is impossible that it can be either of the first Sir Allen's 

wives, as Sir Allen did not marry for more than 10 years after 

Zuchero left England. This Mrs, Apsley (Madam Apsley she 

was probably called in her own time), was the mother of seven 

sons and three daughters. 

Mrs. Hutchinson (Lucy Apsley) was a daughter of the 

first Sir Allen Apsley, and the author of Colonel 

Extracts Hutchinson^ s Memoirs by his Widoiu, in the course 

from of which she gives an account of her own family, 

memoirs from which the following is extracted : — 

of Colonel 

Hutchinson " ^^^ grandfather, by the father's side, was a 

■by his gentleman of a competent estate, about ;^7oo or 

Widow. ^800 a yeare, in Sussex. He being descended of 

a younger house, had his residence at a place 

called Pulborough ; the famely out of which he came was an 



Apsley, of Apsley, a towne where they had bene seated before 
the Conquest, and ever since continued, till of late the last heire 
male of that eldest house, being the sonne of Sir Edward 
Apsley, died without issue, and his estate went with his sisters 
daughters into other famelies. — [The town of Apsley existed 
only in Mrs. Hutchinson's imagination. She omits all mention 
of Thakeham Place, which was in fact the home of the elder 
branch of the family for 300 years]. — Particularities concerning 
my father's kindred or country, I never knew much of, by 
reason of my youth at the time of his death, and my education 
in farre distant places ; only in generall I have heard that my 
grandfather was a man well-reputed and beloved in his country, 
and that it had bene such a continued custome for my ancestors 
to take wives att home, that there was scarce a famely of any 
note in Sussex to which they were not, by inter-marriages, 
neerley related. My grandfather had seven sonns, of whom my 
father was the youngest ; to the eldest he gave his whole estate, 
and to the rest, according to the custome of those times, shght 
annuities. The eldest brother married to a gentlewoman of a 
good famely, and by her had only one sonne, whose mother 
dying, my uncle married himselfe againe to one of his own 
maides, and by her had three more sons, whom, with their 
mother, my cousin (William Apsley), the sonne of the first wife, 
held in such contempt, that a greate while after, dying without 
children, he gave his estate of inheritance to my father and 
two of my brothers, except about ^100 a yeare to the eldest 
■of his halfe brothers, and annuities of ;£t,o a piece to the 
three for their lives. He died before I was borne, but I 
have heard very honourable mention of him in our famely. 
The rest of my father's brothers went into the warres in Ireland 
and the Low Countries, and there remain'd none of them, nor 
their issues, when I was born. 



" My father, att the death of my grandfather, being but a 
youth at schole — [this is a mistake ; he was 25 
Sir Allen years of age] — had not patience to stay the 
sen perfecting of his studies, but putt himselfe into 

present action, sold his annuitie, bought himselfe 
good clothes, put some money in his purse, and came to 
London ; and by meanes of a relation at court, got a place at 
the court of Queene Elizabeth, where he behav'd himselfe, so 
that he won the love of many of the court, but being young, 
tooke an affection to gaming, and spent most of the money he 
had in his purse. About that time, the Earl of Essex was 
setting forth for Cales voyage — [an expedition to Cadiz, in 
1596] — and my father, that had a mind to quitt his idle court 
life, procur'd an appointment from the victualler of the Navie, 
to go allong with that fleete. In which voyage he demean'd 
himselfe with so much courage and prudence, that after his 
returne he was honor'd with a very noble and profitable em- 
ployment in Ireland. There a rich widow, that had many 
children, cast her affections upon him, and he married her ; 
but she not living many yeares with him, after her death he 
distributed all her estate among her children, for whom he ever 
preserv'd a fatherly kindnesse, and some of her grandchildren 
were brought up in his house after I was borne. He, by God's 
blessing, and his fidellity and industry, growing in estate and 
honour, receiv'd a knighthood from King James, soone after 
his coming to the crowne, for some eminent service done to him 
in Ireland, which having only heard in my childhood, I cannot 
perfectly sett downe.— [He held the office of Victualler of Mun- 
ster, and was knighted at Dublin, June 5th, 1605.] — After that, 
growing into a familiarity with Sr. George Carew, made now by 
the King, Earl of Totnesse, a niece of this earl's, the daughter 
9f Sr. Peter Carew, who lived a young widow in her uncle's 


house, fell in love with him, which her uncle perceiving, pro- 
cur'd a marriage betweene them. She had divers children by 
my father, but only two of them, a sonne and daughter, surviv'd 
her, who died whilst my father was absent from her in Ireland. 
He led, all the time of his widowhood, a very disconsolate life, 
carefull for nothing in the world but to educate and advance the 
Sonne and daughter, the deare pledges she had left him, for 
whose sake he quitted himselfe of his employments abroad, and 
procur'd himselfe the office of Victualler of the Navie [in 1610], 
a place then both of credit and greate revenue. His friends, 
considering his solitude, had procur'd him a match of a very 
rich widdow, who was a lady of as much discretion as wealth ; 

Lucy ^^^ while he was upon this designe, he chanc'd to 

St. John, see my mother at the house of Sir William St. 

Lady John, who had married her eldest sister ; and 

Apsley. though he went on his iourney, yett something in 
her person and behaviour he carried allong with him, which 
would not let him accomplish it, but brought him back to my 
mother. She was of a noble famely, being the youngest daugh- 
ter of Sr. John St. John, of Lidiar Tregoz, in the county 
of Wiltz ; her father and mother died when she was not above 
five yeares of age, and yet at her nurse's, from whence she was 
carried to be brought up in the house of Lord Grandison, her 
father's younger brother; an honorable and excellent person, 
but married to a lady so iealous of him, and so ill-natured in 
her iealous fitts to anything that was related to him, that her 
cruelties to my mother exceeded the stories of stepmothers. 
The rest of my aunts, my mother's sisters, were disperst to 
several! places, where they grew up till my uncle Sr. John St. 
John, being married to the daughter of Sr. Thomas Laten, they 
were all brought home to their brother's house. There were 
not in those days so many beautifull women found in any famely 


as these, but my mother was by the most iudgments preferr'd 
before all her elder sisters, who, something envious att it, us'd 
her unkindly. Yett all the suitors that came to them still turned 
their addresses to her, which she in her youthful innocency 
neglected, till one of greater name, estate and reputation than 
the rest, hapned to fall deeply in love with her, and to manage 
it so discretely that my mother could not but entertaine him. 
My uncle's wife, who had a mother's kindnesse for her, per- 
swaded her to remove herself from her sisters' envie, by going 
along with her to the Isle of Jernsey where her father was 
governor, which she did, and there went into the towne, and 
boarded in a French minister's house, to learn the language, 
that minister having bene, by the persecution in France, driven 
to seeke his shelter there. Contracting a deare friendship with 
this holy man and his wife, she was instructed in their Geneva 
discipline, which she liked so much better than our more 
superstitious service, that she could have bene consented to 
have lived there, had not a powerfull passion in her heart drawn 
her back. But at her returne she met with many afflictions ; 
the gentleman who had professt so much love to her, in her 
absence had bene by most vile practises and treacheries, drawne 
out of his senses, and into the marriage of a person whom, 
when he recover'd his reason, he hated. But that serv'd only 
to augment his misfortune, and the circumstances of that story 
not being necessary to be here inserted, I shall only adde that 
my mother liv'd in my uncle's house, secretly discontented at 
this accident, but was comforted by the kindnesse of my uncle's 
wife, who had contracted such an intimate friendship with her, 
that they seemed to have but one soule. iVnd in this kindnesse 
she had some time a great sollace, till some mallicious persons 
had wrought some jealousies, which were very groundlesse, in 
my uncle concerning his wife ; but his nature being inclinable 
17 D 


to that passion, which was fomented in him by subtile wicked 
persons, and my mother endeavouring to vindicate iniured 
innocence, she was herselfe not well treated by my uncle, 
whereupon she left his house, with a resolution to withdrawe 
herselfe into the island, where the good minister was, and there 
to weare out her life in the service of God. While she was 
deliberating, and had fixt upon it in her owne thoughts, resolving 
it to impart it to none, she was with Sr William St. John, who 
had married my aunt, when my father accidentally came in 
there, and fell so heartily in love with her, that he perswaded 
her to marry him, which she -did [1616], and her melancholly 
made her conforme chearfully to that gravity of habitt and 
conversation which was becoming the 'wife of such a person, 
who was then forty-eight yeares of age, and she not above 16. 
The first yeare of their marriage was crown'd with a sonne, 
called after my father's name, and borne at East Smithfield in 
that house of the king's which belong'd to my father's employ-- 
ment in the navie. The next yeare [1617] they removed to 
the Tower of London, whereof my father was made lieftenant, 
and there had two sonns more before me, and 4 daughters and 
2 sonns after ; of all which only 3 sons and 2 daughters 
surviv'd him att the time of his death, which was in the 63rd 
yeare of his age, after he had 3 yeares before languisht of a 
consumption that succeeded a feaver which he gott in the 
unfortunate voyage to the Isle of Rhee." [An expedition 
under the Duke of Buckingham, against Louis XIIL in favour 
of the Huguenots, who were besieged in La Rochelle. The 
Huguenots refused to admit the English into the town, in 
consequence of which they landed on the He de Re, where 
they were attacked by Louis XHL in person, and completely 
routed. It is said that Buckingham only brought back 2000 
men out of the 7000 he had taken with him from England.] 


Sir Allen x\psley died in the month of May, 1630, and was 
buried in the chapel of the Tower, where there is a tablet to 
his memory. 

Lucy St. John's grandfather was a first cousin of Henry VII, 
by the half-blood. They had a common grand- 
Relation- mother, Margaret Beauchamp, Baroness Beau- 

„, ^ , champ in her own right, who married ist Sir 

St. Johns 

. Oliver St. John, from whom descend the St. John 

HenryVII. f^n^il)') ^i^d 2ndly, John, Duke of Somerset, 

great grandson of Edward III., by whom she had 

one daughter, Margaret, Countess of Richmond. She was the 

mother of Henry VII., who derived his royal descent through 

her. Mrs. Hutchinson does not seem to have been aware of 

her mother's relationship to the Tudor and Stuart kings and 

queens, as she does not mention it. 

Sir Allen is said to have bought his office of Lieutenant of 
the Tower for ^2,400 ; this was so much the custom of the 
time as not to be looked on as discreditable, any more than the 
buying of promotion in the army in our own days. It required 
considerable influence to obtain such an office. 

Mrs. Hutchinson praises her father's virtues highly as 
husband, father, and master, and goes on : — " He was a father 
to all his prisoners, sweetning with such compassionate kind- 
nesse their restraint, that the affliction of a prison was not felt 
in his dayes." 

This favourable view of his character as a prison-governor 

is not shared by the biographer of one of his 

Extracts prisoners. In Fosters Life of Sir John Eliot we 

,, ^■^ . find the following account of Sir Allen : — " He 

Foster's , , . , 

Life of Si - '^^^^ ^'"^ honest plam-spoken man, with no dis- 
John Eliot." Position to be harsh or unjust ; but he was a 
king's man to the backbone ; his only law was 


that of obedience to the master he was serving under ; and the 
career in naval and military service, which had made him a 
disciplinarian, had neither sharpened nor refined his sympathies." 

Much interest was often made to obtain interviews with 
some of the political prisoners in the Tower, and in some 
letters of Sir Allen Apsley to Lord Dorchester (quoted in 
Foster's Life of Sir J. Eliot,) he complains that appeals were 
made, though without effect, to Lady Apsley and his son (Peter) 
to allow the access of friends to Sir John Eliot, Denzil Holies, 
and other members of the House of Commons, imprisoned in 
the Tower by Charles L's orders, in 1629. Sir Allen was much 
distressed at this time by a report that his son Peter had 
become a partizan of Eliot and the other parliament prisoners, 
and had carried messages for them, and that he was an enemy 
of the Duke of Buckingham's party ; which, if it had been 
true, would altogether have obstructed the young man's prefer- 
ment ; for although the Duke had been assassinated some 
months previously, yet "the Duke's party" was synonymous 
with the Court or King's party. Sir Allen writes to Lord 
Dorchester to beg him to tell the king that the reverse of this 
was the truth ; and that had he conceived his son's hear'; to be 
so opposite to his Majesty's ways, or disaffectionate to the Duke, 
the youth should have been counted illegitimate and as a 
bastard, and never a penny been given or left him. As for his 
carrying messages for anybody, to Eliot or the others i;'.irectly 
or indirectly, if that were so, his father was ready to surfer any 
punishment in the world ; but so confident of the contrary was 
Sir Allen that if such a thing could be proved he would 
willingly render his place at the king's disposal. 

" The poore boy is soe afflicted as hee prtestes to God hee 
had rayther die instantly then live w*!^ his ma^^s ill oppinion. 
Hee is not xxiij'**' : I doe not think that ever hee medled with 


any thing seryous, his witt lyinge a contrary waye." Sir Allen 
accounts for the slander by saying : — " It springes out of this 
ground, my sonnes being associat with Mr. Harrie Percie. 
They were bredd together at a common scole at Thistellworth, 
and afterwards 4 or 5 yeres at the universitie of Oxford. The 
Lo Lester (as I take yt) got a burdges place for Mr. Percie, 
presming hee would haue runne the same waye as they did that 
hated the Duke ; but my sonne being his bedfellowe Pswaded 
him the contrary toe his best littell strength and his voyce was 
ever for the kinge and agaynst the ennemyes of the Duke, for 
w^^ they yet doe not abide Mr. Percie ; my sonne was by Mr. 
Alford (one of the faction) offered a burdges place provided 
he should have given his voyce against the Duke, w''^^ hee 
detested to doe or accept ; my sonne was a contynuall com- 
panion w*^^ Mr: Ashbornham and others neere the Duke, and 
the Duke himself made mutch of him, soe farr as hee hadd gon 
the voyage with him yf his grace had lived, and uppon 
Mr. Ashbornham's p'Terment hee indevored to have s'Ved the 
Duke in his steede." 

In the same year Sir Allen writes to Lord Dorchester to 
justify himself from an accusation of the Earl of Clare that he 
had put his son, Denzil Holies, who was a prisoner in the 
Tower, near to some servants of his own. who were ill of an 
infectious disease : — " I heere that the Earle of Clare was 
informed (for hee sent to mee) or conceipted that two of my 
savants were ded of the spotted feavor, and that some other 
sick lodged under his sonne. I thank God I have no on 
s'^'vant or other ded, and theon of them that is sick hath ben 
in a consumtion this two yeres, and the other a young man 
hath ben for above half a yere soe desperately and madly in 
love as hee could neither eat nor sleep, and soe fell into a 
burning feavor. Some said hee had spotts, others fleabites. 


His deere tender harted mrs. sorroinge to bee the death of soe 
true a s^'vant visseted hun, fild him with hoapes, and at last 
gave him assurance to bee his faythfull wyf, the man revives 
and mendes apace ! I writ this (howsoever it may seeme idly) 
to th' end that yo^" Lopp may knowe I would not presume to 
com unto the Court yf one man had miscarried out of my 
house or any sicknes that might bee feared, althoug they lodg 
remoat from my house and ever did." The address on one of 
these letters is — " The Lo Carlton vicount Dorchester, principall 
secretary to his Ma*'*^ at Court. Hast, hast, hast." 

To return to Mrs. Hutchinson ; she says : " When through 

the ingratitude and vice of that age, many of the 

Extracts vvives and chilldren of Queene Elizabeth's glorious 

captaines were reduc'd to poverty, his purse was 

TTiitf>h'Ti«!nTi their common treasury, and they knew not the 

inconvenience of decay'd fortunes till he was 

dead : many of these valliant seamen he maintain'd in prison. 

[It is to be supposed they were in prison for debt.] Many he 

redeem'd out of prison and cherisht with an extraordinary 

bounty As he was in love with true honor, so he 

contemn'd vaine titles, and though in his youth he accepted an 
addition to his birth, in his riper years he refus'd a barondry, 
which the king offer'd him. He was severe in the regulating 
his famely, especially would not endure the least immodest 
behaviour or dresse in any woman under his roofe. There was 
nothing he hated more than an insignificant gallant that could 
only make his leggs [bow] and prune himselfe and court a 
lady, but had not braines to employ himselfe in things more 

suteable to man's nobler sex The large estate he 

reapt by his happy Industrie he did many times over as freely 
resigne againe to the king's service, till he left the greatest part 
of itt at his death in the king's hands Sir Walter 


Rawleigh and Mr. Ruthin being prisoners in the Tower, and 
addicting themselves to chimistrie my mother suffer'd them to 
make their rare experiments at her cost, partly to comfort and 
divert the poore prisoners, and partly to gaine the knowledge of 
their experiments, and the medecines to helpe such poor people 
as were not able to seek phisitians. By these means she 
acquired a greate deale of skill, which was very profitable to 
many all her life. She was not only to these, but to all the 
other prisoners that came into that Tower, as a mother. All 
the time she dwelt in the Tower, if any were sick, she made 
them broths and restoratives with her owne hands, visited and 
tooke care of them, and provided them all necessaries ; if any 
were aflicted she comforted them, so that they felt not the 
inconvenience of a prison who were in that place. She was 
not lesse bountifull to many poore widdowes and orphans. 
. . . She was a constant frequenter of weekeday lectures, 
and a greate lover and encourager of good ministers. 
When my father was sick, she was not satisfied with the 
attendance of all that were about him, but made herselfe his 

nurse and cook and phisitian She died at my 

house at Owthorpe, in the county of Nottingham, in the year 

Lady Apsley certainly did not neglect her daughter's 
education, for Mrs. Hutchinson says that when she was about 
seven years of age she had at one time eight tutors in several 
qualities, languages, music, dancing, writing, and needlework. 
Amongst other things, she learnt Latin, and was so apt that she 
outstripped her brothers, who were at school, although her 
father's chaplain, that was her tutor, was " a pitifuU, dull 
fellow." Mrs. Hutchinson makes no mention of her mother's 
second marriage, yet there is reason to believe there was such a 
marriage, which was disapproved of by her son Allen, Sir Allen 


left many debts, and there are numerous petitions concerning 

the financial position of his children, presented to the king and 

council between 1634 and 1637, by which it appears that there 

were disputes between Lady Apsley and her son, which were 

settled in the son's favour. [See Dictionary of National 

Biography\. It is from these petitions that Lady Apsley's 

second marriage is known, but it is curious that Mrs. Hutchinson 

never alludes to her step-father's existence in any way, nor is 

his name mentioned on Lady Apsley's tomb. It appears that 

she was living at Richmond with her two 

Courtship daughters, Lucy and Barbara, about the year 

. , y 1637 ; and it was here that the courtship of Lucy 
Apsley by i > 

PI T_-u^ by Colonel John Hutchinson took place. Mr. 

Hutchinson Hutchinson was the eldest son of Sir Thomas 
Hutchinson, of Owthorpe, and " the Lady 
Margaret," daughter of Sir John Biron, of Newstead (after- 
wards the property of his descendant, the poet. Lord Byron). 
Mr. Hutchinson had been sent to London to study law at 
Lincoln's Inn, " but finding it unpleasant and contrary to his 
genius, and the plague that spring driving people out of the 
town," he went to Richmond, and " tabled at " the house of 
Mr. Coleman, his music-master, for he "played masterly" on 
the viol. At Mr. Coleman's boarding-house, Barbara Apsley, a 
girl of about 13 years old, also "tabled," for the practice of 
her lute, while Lady Apsley and Lucy, then about 18, had gone 
into Wiltshire to stay with some of the St. John family. Lady 
Apsley's relations, " for the accomplishment of a treaty that 
had bene made some progresse in " about the marriage of 
Lucy with a gentleman of that country. Mr. Hutchinson had 
already broken the heart of a Nottingham young lady, whom 
he would not marry because she was of base parentage, "and 
his greate hearte could never stoope to thinke of marrying into 


SO mean a stock ; " but this time he was more inflammable, for 
he fell in love with the charming Mrs. Apsley before he had 
seen her, from the accounts he heard of her from Barbara and 
her friends at Richmond, and also from seeing her Latin books 
and a sonnet she had written, in which he fancied " something 
of rationality, beyond the reach of a she-wit," and, rather 
ungallantly, could scarcely believe it was written by a woman. 
Although he was told she shunned the converse of men as the 
plague, he set his mind on making her acquaintance. " AVhile 
he was exercis'd in this, many days passed not, but a footeboy 
of my lady her mother's came to young Mrs. Apsley (Barbara) 
as they were at dinner, bringing newes that her mother and 
sister would in few dayes return ; and when they inquir'd of 
him, whether Mrs. Apsley was married, having before bene 
instructed to make them believe it, he smiled, and pull'd out 
some bride-laces, which were given at a wedding in the house 
where she was, and gave them to the young gentlewoman and 
the gentleman's daughter of the house, and told them Mrs. 
Apsley bade him tell no news, but give them those tokens, and 
carried the matter so that all the companie believ'd she had 
been married. Mr. Hutchinson immediately turned pale as 
ashes, and felt a fainting to seize his spiritts in that extraordinary 
manner that finding himselfe ready to sinke att table, he was 
faine to pretend he was ill, and to retire from the table into the 

garden The anxiety of mind affected him so, that 

it sent him to his bed that afternoone, and having fortified 
himselfe with resolution, he gate up the next day ; but yett 
could not quitt himself of an extravagant perplexitie of soule 

concerning this unknown gentlewoman While she 

so ran in his thoughts, meeting the boy againe, he found out, 
upon a little stricter examination of him, that she was not 
married, and pleas'd himselfe in the hopes of her speedy 
25 E 


returne ; when one day, having been invited by one of the 
ladies of that neighbourhood to a noble treatment [entertain- 
ment] at Sion Garden, which a courtier, that was her servant, 
had made for her and whom she would bring, Mr. Hutchinson, 
Mrs. Apsley and Mr. Coleman's daughter were of the partie, 
and having spent the day in severall pleasant divertisements, 
att evening when they were att supper, a messenger came to tell 
Mrs. Apsley her mother was come. She would immediately 
have gone, but Mr. Hutchinson, pretending civillity to conduct 
her home, made her stay till the supper was ended, of which 
he eate no more, now only longing for that sight which he had 
with such perplexity expected. This at length he obtained ; 
but his heart, being prepossesst with his ovvne fancy, was not 
free to discerne how little there was in her to answer so greate 
an expectation. She was not ugly in a carelesse riding habitt, 
she had a melancholly negligence both of herseife and others, 
as if she neither affected to please others, nor tooke notice of 
aniething before her ; yet in spite of all her mdifference, she 
was surpriz'd with some unusuall liking in her soule when she 
saw this gentleman, who had haire, eies, shape, and countenance 
enough to begett love in any one at the first, and these sett of with 
a gracefull and generous mine, which promis'd an extraordinary 
person. Although he had but an evening sight of her he had 
so long desir'd, and that at disadvantage enough for her ; yett 
the prevailing sympathie of his soule made him thinke all his 
paines well payd, and this first did whett his desire to a second 
sight, which he had by accident the next day, and to his icy 
found that she was wholly disengag'd from that treaty, which 
he so much fear'd had been accomplisht ; he found withall that 
though she was modest, she was accostable, and willing to 
entertaine his acquaintance." 

Six weeks love-making followed, and the marriage was 


arranged, but " that day that the friends on both 
Marriage sides met to conclude the marriage, she fell sick 
Detween ^^ ^-^^ small-pox, which was many wayes a greate 
- , , triall upon him. First, her life was almost in 

Col. John desperate hazard, and then the disease for the 
Hutchinson present, made her the most deformed person that 

could be sene, for a great while after she recover'd ; 
yett he was nothing troubled at it, but married her as soone as 
she was able to quit the chamber, when the priest and all that 
saw her were affrighted to looke on her ; but God recompenc'd 
his iustice and constancy by restoring her, though she was 

longer than ordinary before she recover'd On the 

third day of July, 1638, he was married to Mrs. Lucy Apsley, 
the second daughter of Sr Allen Apsley, late lieftenant of the 
Tower of London, at St. Andrew's Church in Holborne. He 
liv'd some time in this neighbourhood with her mother, 
but the following year they, with Lady Apsley, 
remov'd their dwelling out of the city, to a house they took in 
Enfield Chace, called the Blew House." 

-_ . Barbara Apsley, or Barbary as she is 

Marriage 1 /' / 

between sometimes called, afterwards married Lieutenant- 
Barbara Colonel George Hutchinson, the younger brother 
Apsley and of Colonel John Hutchinson, an excellent and 
Col.George amiable person, though without his brother's 
Hutchinson ^.^ijit^^y talents. 

Of Sir Allen Apsley, the younger, we know but little at this 

time, but there is reason to think that he married 

Supposed i^gfQ^g ji^g Q—i y^^^ broke out in 1642, as it is 

^ probable that the full length portrait of a young 

Ladv ^^^y "^ ^^"^ satin, at Cirencester House, is a 

Apsley. portrait of his wife, Frances Petre. The costume 

is of the date of Charles I.'s reign, and is cer- 



tainly too modern for Lucy, Lady Apsley in her young days ; 
while on the other hand it does not correspond to the 
costume in the middle of Charles IL's reign, when Sir Peter 
Apsley's first wife lived. Sir Allen was 26 when the Civil War 
began, and after that people had other things to think of than 
having their portraits painted, but he may well have married a 
young wife two or three years before this. 

Lucy, Lady Apsley, must have had many trials during the 
Civil War, for her sons took the side of the king, and her sons- 
in-law the side of the Parliament. Yet in spite of their 
differences, Sir Allen and his sister Lucy did not lose their 
personal affection. On one occasion, indeed, in 1642, Sir 
Allen was actually in command of a troop, sent to arrest 
Colonel John Hutchinson, at some town in Leicestershire ; 
"but he (Colonel Hutchinson) stayed not to see them, but 
went out at the other end of the town, as they came in ; " and 
Sir Allen amicably established himself in the next house to his 
sister. In 1643, Col. Hutchinson was made Governor of 
Nottingham Castle by the Parliament, his brother George 
being Major and Lieut.-Col. under him, and their wives living 
with them. Sir Allen Apsley was at one time Lieutenant- 
Governor of Exeter, and afterwards he commanded the 
garrison of Barnstaple, which stood a siege from 
Siege of the parliamentary troops, and finally surrendered 
Barnstaple April 13th, 1646. A letter from Sir Thomas 
Fairfax's quarters, published at the time, says, 
under the date of March 30th : — " It is generally believed that 
Sir Allen Apsley is willing to surrender the town, fort and 
castle, but that his desperate brother swears he will cut him to 
pieces if he offer to surrender the castle." This brother was 
probably Colonel James Apsley, who, in 1651, made an 
attempt to assassinate Mr. St. John, then Ambassador of the 


Commonwealth in Holland. This attempt at assassination is 

sometimes erroneously attributed to Sir Allen. Clarendon 

mentions another royalist Apsley, with the curious Christian 

name of Ball. He was probably a younger brother of Sir 

Allen. After the surrender of Barnstaple, Sir Allen found a 

refuge with the Hutchinsons at Nottingham, and Colonel 

Hutchinson used his influence with the Parliament in his 

brother-in-law's favour ; for which good office some of his own 

party looked coldly on him. The good understanding between 

the two was no doubt the reason why Sir Allen was employed 

in the following year to carry letters and messages from 

Cromwell to Charles I., in the hope of arranging terms between 


Colonel Hutchinson did not shrink from signing the 

warrant for Charles I.'s execution. He was a 

Colonel member of the Long Parliament, although his 

Hutchinson military duties prevented him from sitting for 

^^^^^ some time, but he took his seat as soon as he 

warrant for , , , , . ^t . ■ , 

p, 1 J , could be spared from Nottmgham. Mrs. 

execution Hutchinson thus describes the feelings which led 

her husband to his decision with regard to the 

execution of the king : — " As for Mr. Hutchinson, although he 

was very much confirm'd in his iudgment concerning the cause, 

yett herein being call'd to an extraordinary action, whereof 

many were of severall minds, he address'd himselfe to God by 

prayer ; desiring the Lord that, if through any humane frailty 

he were led into any error or false opinion in these greate 

transactions, he would open his eies, and not suffer him to 

proceed, but that he would confirme his spiritt in the truth, and 

lead him by a right-enlightened conscience ; and finding no 

check, but a confirmation in his conscience that it was his duty 

to act as he did, he, upon serious debate, both privately and in 



his addresses to God, and in conference with conscientious, 
upright, unbiassed persons, proceeded to sign the sentence 
against the king. Although he did not then beHeve but that • 
it might one day come to be againe disputed among men, yett 
both he and others thought they could not refuse it without 
giving up the people of God, whom they had led forth and 
engaged themselves unto by the oath of God, into the hands 
of God's and of their enemies ; and therefore he cast himselfe 
upon God's protection, acting according to the dictates of a 
conscience which he had sought the Lord to guide, and 
accordingly the Lord did signalise his favour afterwards 
to him." 

In 1650 or 1651,-we find Sir Allen still in trouble about the 
surrender of Barnstaple : — ■'' Sr Allen Apsley had articles at 
the rendition of Barnstable, whereof he was governor, and 
contrary to these he was put to vast expence and horrible 
vexation by severall persons, but especially by one wicked 
weoman who had the worst and the smoothest tongue that ever 
her sex made use of to mischiefe. She was handsome in her 
youth, and had very pretty girles to her daughters, whom, when 
they grew up, she sacrificed to her revenge and mallice against 
Sr Allen Apsley, which was so venomous and devillish, that 
she stuck not at inventing false accusations, and hiring 
witnesses to swear to them, and a thousand other as enormous 
practises. In those dayes there was a committee set up, for 
reliefe of such as had any violation of their articles, and of 
this Bradshaw was president ; into whose easie faith this 
woman, pretending herselfe religious, and of the parliaments 
party, had so insinuated herselfe that Sr Allen's way of reliefe 
was obstructed. Coll. Hutchinson, labouring mightily in his 
protection, and often foyling this vile woman, and bringing to 
light her devillish practices, turned the woman's spite into as 


violent a tumult against himselfe ; and Bradshaw was so hott 
in abetting her, that he grew coole in his kindnesse to the 
coUonell, yet broke it not ciuite : but the coUonell was very 
much griev'd that a friend should engage in so uniust an 
opposition. At last it was manifest how much they were 
mistaken that would have assisted this woman upon a score of 
being on the parliament's side, for she was all this while a spie 
for the king, and after his returne, Sr Allen Apsley met her in 
the king's chamber waiting for recompense for that service. 
The thing she sued Sir Allen Apsley for, was for a house of 
hers in the garrison of Barnstable, which was puU'd down to 
fortifie the town for the king, before he was governor of the 
place. Yett would she have had his articles violated to make 
her a recompense out of his estate, treble and more than the 
value of the house ; pretending she was of the parliament's 
party, and that Sr Allen, in mallice thereunto, had without 
necessity pull'd downe her house. All which were horrible 
lies, but so malliciously and so wickedly afifirm'd and sworne by 
her mercenary witnesses that they at first found faith and it 
was hard for truth afterwards to overcome that prepossession. 
The coUonell, prosecuting the defence of truth and iustice in 
these and many more things, .... displeas'd many of 
his owne party." 

Ten years later, at the Restoration, Sir Allen and Colonel 
Hutchinson exchanged their roles. Colonel 

The Hutchinson was in danger of his life as a regicide. 

Restoration and Sir Allen returned his brother-in-law's former 
good offices, by doing his utmost to procure his 
safety. " Sir Allen Apsley, who, with all the kindest zeale of 
friendship that can be imagin'd, endeavour'd to bring off the 
coUonell, us'd some artifice in engaging friends for him. There 
was a young gentleman, a kinsman of his, who thirstily aspir'd 



after preferrment, and Sir Allen had given him hopes, upon his 
eifectuall endeavours for the coUonell, to introduce him ; who 
being a person that had understanding enough, made no 
conscience of truth, when an officious lie might serve his turne. 
This man, although he ow'd his life to the collonell, and had 
a thousand obligations to Mrs. Hutchinson's parents, yet not 
for their sakes, nor for virtue, nor for gratitude, but for his owne 
hopes, which he had of Sr Allen Apsley, told some of the 
leading men among the court party, that it was the king's 
desire to have favour shewne to the collonell." Col. Hutchinson 
thought it wiser to " retire to a remoter lodging from 
Westminster, and lay very private in the towne, not comming 
into any companie of one sort or other, waiting till the act of 
oblivion were perfected, to goe downe againe into the countrie. 
. . . . Although the collonell was clear'd both for life and 
estate, in the House of Commons, yet he not answering the 
court expectations in publick recantations and dissembled 
repentance and applause of their cruelty to his fellows, the 
Chancellor [Clarendon] was cruelly exasperated against him, 
and there were very high endeavours to have rac'd him out of 
the act of oblivion. But then Sr Allen Apsley sollicited all his 
friends, as it had bene for his owne life, and divers honorable 
persons drew up a certificate, with all the advantage they could, 
to procure him favour ; who in all things that were not against 
the interest of the state had ever pitied and protected them in 
their distresses. The Countess of Rochester writ a very 

effectuall letter to the Earl of Manchester The 

letter was read in the House, and Sr Allen Apsley's candidate 
for preferrement againe made no conscience of deceiving 
several lords, that the preserving of the collonell would be 
acceptable to the king and the chancellor, who he now knew, 
hated his life. Many lords alsoe of the coUonell's relations 



and acquaintance, out of kindnesse and gratitude (for there 
was not one of them whom he had not in his day more or less 
obhg'd) us'd very hearty endeavours for him. Yett Sr Allen 
Apsley's interest and most fervent endeavours for him was that 
which only turn'd the scales, and the coUonell was not excepted 
in the act of oblivion to aniething but offices ; " that is, he was 
forbidden to hold any office, civil or military. 

Colonel Hutchinson owed his escape in part to a petition 
sent in his name, within a week of Charles II. 's return, to the 
Speaker of the House of Commons, expressing deep contrition 
for his conduct. This petition was in fact written by Mrs. 
Hutchinson, and signed with her husband's name, without his 
knowledge. It seems hard to find fault with her for her well- 
meant forgery, or for the language she uses, when we consider 
that her much-loved husband's life was at stake, but it is not 
possible to read the document without regret at the abject tone 
of repentance and humiliation. One quotation will show the 
spirit in which it is written :—" They who yet remember the 
seeming sanctity and subtle arts of those men, who seduced not 
only me, but thousands more, in those unhappy days, cannot if 
they have any Christian compassion, but join with me in 
bewailing my wretched misfortune, to have fallen into their 
pernicious snares, when neither my own malice, avarice, or 
ambition, but an ill-guided judgment led me. As soon as ever 
my eyes were opened to suspect my deceivers, no person with 
a more perfect abhorrency detested both the heinous fact and 
the authors of it, and I was as willing to hazard my life and 
estate to redeem my crime, as I had been unfortunate through 
a deplorable mistake to forfeit them by it." 

Mrs. Hutchinson loved her husband's person more than his 
honour when she could write thus in his name ; but when the 
petition was once sent in to the House of Commons, Col. 
33 F 


Hutchinson could not disown it without placing a halter round 
his neck ; unfortunately, he went a step further, and three he 
sent a petition to the House of Lords, this time written by 
himself, in which, without using such humiliating language, he 
still so far debases himself as to speak of his " signal repent- 
ance," and to make a " humble and sorrowful acknowledgement 

of those crimes whereunto seduced judgment 

unfortunately betrayed him. ' 

Mrs. Hutchinson never saw anything but "an overruling 
providence of God " in the means by which her husband was 
preserved ; but it was not so with him. When the immediate 
danger was over he began to see things in their true light, and 
" was not well satisfied with himself for accepting the deliver- 
ance." " His wife who thought she had never deserv'd so well 
of him, as in the endeavours and labours she exercis'd to bring 
him of, never displeas'd him more in her life, and had much 
adoe to perswade him to be contented with his deliverance." 
The trial and execution of some of the other regicides was a 
terrible blow to him ; he felt himself "judged in their judgment 
and executed in their execution ;".... " and had 
not his wife persuaded him, he had offered himself a voluntary 

As soon as the Act of Oblivion had passed, he retired to 
Owthorpe, his house in Northamptonshire ; but he was soon 
sent for to London again, and put through a close examination 
by the Attorney-General, in the hope of making him give 
evidence against some of his former colleagues. But Colonel 
Hutchinson would betray no one ; he professed a short memory 
and an inability to recognise any handwritings except that of 
Cromwell and others whom death had placed beyond the reach 
of their enemies. The Attorney-General got so little informa- 
tion out of him in his private examination that he did not 



venture to call him as a witness the following day in court. 
Colonel Hutchinson was, however, forced to attend the court, 
and was made to pass before the prisoners' faces, which " so 
provok'd his spiritt, that if he had been call'd to speake, he 
was resolv'd to have borne testimony to the cause, and against 

the court The attorney made a very mallitious 

report of him to the chancellor and the king, insomuch as his 
ruine was then determined, and only oppertunity watch'd to 
effect it." 

Sir Allen Apsley, who was, both before and after the 
Restoration, one of the Clarendon's most trusted agents and 
friends, appealed to him on this, as on many other occasions, 
in favour of Colonel Hutchinson. " The chancellor was in a 
great rage and passion, and fell upon him with much vehemence. 
' O, Nail,' said he, ' what have you done ? you have sav'd a 
man that would be ready, if he had oppertunity, to mischiefe 
us as much as ever he did.' Sr Allen was forc'd to stop his 
mouth and tell him, that he believ'd his brother a less 
dangerous person than those he had brought into the king's 

In 1663, Col. Hutchinson was arrested at Owthorpe, on 
the charge of being concerned in a papist conspiracy in York- 
shire, by order of the Duke of Buckingham, who made this 
an excuse for catching him ; for in a letter written by him to 
Lord Newcastle, accompanying the order, he says : — " That 
though he could not make it out as yett, he hop'd he should 
bring Mr. Hutchinson into the plott." Col. Hutchinson was 
taken up to London, and committed to the Tower, under 
a warrant signed by Secretary Bennett, afterwards Earl of 
Arlington, who shortly after sent for him to his lodgings at 
Whitehall, and put him through a close examination ; among 
other things he asked him, whether he heard or read the 


common prayer, and when Col. Hutchinson answered, "To 
speak ingenuously, no;" Bennett asked, "How he then did 
for his soule's comfort ? " he replied, " Sr, I hope you leave 
me that to account betweene God and my owne soule." Col. 
Hutchinson was sent back to the Tower, and lodged in the 
Bloody Tower. He " was not at all dismay'd, but wonderfully 
pleas'd with all these things, and told his wife this captivity 
was the happiest release in the world to him, ... for 
before, he felt himself oblig'd to sitt still while this king 
reign'd, . . . but now he thought this usage had utterly 
disoblieg'd him from all ties, . . . and that he was free 
to act as prudence should hereafter lead him. . . . He 
therefore made it his earnest request to Sr Allen Apsley to 
let him stand and fall to his owne innocency, and to under- 
take nothing for him, which if he did, he told him he would 

Sir Allen, nevertheless, did all in his power to get him 
released, interceding for him both with Clarendon and the 
King, but without effect. Mrs. Hutchinson, meanwhile, under- 
went a searching examination at the hands of Sir Henry 
Bennett, Secretary of State, with regard to some letters which 
had fallen into his hands, and which he supposed to have 
been written by her, although in fact they were written by 
another lady of the same name. Secretary Bennett had, 
apparently, asked Sir Allen Apsley to send him a sj^ecimen 
of his sister's handwriting, and Sir Allen sent him a paper 
written by Mrs. Hutchinson, saying : — " It is a copy of a 
letter written to the House of Commons by her husband : 
it may in some measure explain how he escaped then ; if it 
were printed, nothing could more lessen his credit amongst 
those who continue in rebellious principles, for no man can 
express more repentance, or a greater detestation of those ill 


men." Wishes Hutchinson to know that he keeps the paper 
as a testimony against him, should he make the least failing. 
After Col. Hutchinson had been in the Tower for more 
than six months, Bennett ordered his removal to Sandown 
Castle in Kent, where he was imprisoned with great strictness, 
and for sometime Mrs. Hutchinson was not allowed access 
to him; but at last Sir Alien Apsley "and his lady" obtained 
an order from Secretary Bennett to allow him to walk by the 
seaside with a keeper, by which means Mrs. Hutchinson 
could see him. But either his harsh imprisonment, or a chill 
caught by walking on the seashore, brought on 
Death of ^ ^^^^^^ ^^^^^^ ^j^j^j^ ^^e could not rally, and he 

„ . 1 .' died on the nth of September, 1664, after 

Hutcliinsoii . '■ ' t, 

eleven months of imprisonment. Mrs. Hutchin- 
son was not with him, as she had been obliged to go to 
Owthorpe on business ; but his brother George and his 
daughter Barbara were present. In his later days he had 
become thoroughly convinced of the excellence of " the 
Cause, and believed that it would be ultimately triumphant; 
and he expressed his intention never to have so much as a. 
civil correspondence " with any of the Royalist party again ; 
"yet when he mentioned Sir Allen Apsley, he would say, he 
would never serve any that would not for his sake serve the 
person that had preserv'd him." When he knew himself to 
be dying, he told his brother to remember him to Sir Allen 
Apsley, and tell him that he hoped God would reward his 
labour of love to him. 

Sir Allen was certainly an excellent brother and a true 

friend ; and he must, at times, have had a 

Sir Allen difficult part to play in defending his regicide 

. . ^' brother-in-law and remaining loyal to the interests 

of his king. He had been educated at Merchant 



Taylor's School, to which he went in 1626, at ten years of 
age, and afterwards at Trinity College, Oxford. In 1679, he 
published anonymously a long poem called " Order and 
Disorder, or the world made and undone, being Meditations 
on the Creation and Fall. As it is recorded in Genesis." 
After the Restoration he was rewarded for his devotion to the 
king's cause by various offices. In 1660 he was made keeper 
of the king's hawks, an office which brought with it a good 
salary and many perquisites, but was not enjoyed by him for 
many years without curtailment, judging by the following 
entry in Pepy's Diary of October 22nd, 1667: — "To Captain 
Cocke's to dinner ; where Lord Brouncker and his lady. 
Matt. Wren and Bulteale and Sir Allan Apsly ; the last of 
whom did make good sport ; he being already fallen under 
the retrenchments of the new Committee, as he is Master 
Falconer; which makes him mad." In 1662 he was made 
Keeper of the North Park at Hampton Court, and the man- 
agement of the king's preserves seems to have passed largely 
into his hands. He also became Treasurer of the Household 
to Charles II., and Receiver or Treasurer to the Duke of 
York, in which capacity large sums were entrusted to his 
keeping to be applied to the navy, the Duke of York being 
Lord High Admiral. He was made a colonel in the army 
in 1667, and sat for Thetford from 1661 to 1678. 

Lady Apsley and her daughter Frances were on terms of 
great intimacy and affection with the Duke of York's two 
daughters. Princess Mary and Princess Anne. A letter which 
is preserved at Cirencester, from Princess Anne to Lady 
Apsley, is the only letter extant of the princess' girlhood. 
The circumstances under which it was written require some 
explanation. In 1679 the country was set in a flame against 
the Roman Catholics by Titus Oates's pretended revelations 


of a Popish plot against the life of the king. The Duke 
of York, though not openly accused, was in great danger 
from the excited people on account of ' his religion, so that 
it became necessary for him to fly the country and remain 
in exile till public opinion had cooled. He retired to a house 
in Brussels, which Charles II. had formerly occupied, accom- 
panied by the Duchess, Mary Beatrice of Modena. Princess 
Anne and her half-sister Princess Isabella, who was only three 
years old, went to Brussels in August, 1679, '^o pay their 
parents a visit. In the following month, news came to James 
that his brother Charles was dangerously ill and had sent 
for him, but wished him to come in as private a manner as 
possible, to prevent any of the adverse party knowing of his 
presence in England. James accordingly set out, followed 
by only four attendants, amongst whom was his favourite 
Churchill (afterwards Duke of Marlborough), and, disguised 
by a black periwig, he arrived in London, where he slept at 
the house of Sir Allen Apsley, in St. James' Square. Early 
next morning (September 12th) he travelled down to Windsor, 
where he arrived at seven in the morning, and found the 
king nearly recovered from his late illness. James left 
London again September 25th, and reached Brussels October 
I St. It was during the absence of her father that Princess 
Anne wrote the following letter to Lady Apsley. Princess 
Isabella, whom she mentions, died two years later. 

" Bruxsells, Sep. ye 20th. 

I beg your pardon that I did not writt to you before 
since I had a letter from you indeed the only reason was 
want of time but I am resolvde I'll make amends and 
writt a long one to you if time will permit, Since your first I 
receivde one in answere of the [one] I wrott you by S'" Charls 


by which I find you weare mightely surprised to see the 

Duke, indeed we weare all mightely surprisde 

Letter at it heare at first and did not know what 

from to think but now I hope in God it will be for 

Princess ^^le best and that I shall be so happy to bring 

, ^ , the Dutchess over with me but I know not 

to Lady 
.1 whethere I have any ground for these hopes I 

1679. hope I have for I have a good heart thank God 

or els it would have bin down long ago. I was 
to see a ball at the court in cognito which I likede very well; 
it was in very good order, and some danc'd well enought ; 
indeed there was Prince Vodenunt that danc'd extreamly 
well, as well if not better than ethere the duke of Monmouth 
or sir E. Villiers, which I think is very extraordinary. Last 
night againe I was to see fyer works and bonfyers which was 
to celebrate the king of Spain's weding they were very well 
worth seeing indeed. All the people hear are very sivil, and 
except you be othere ways to them they will be so to you. 
As for the town it is a great fine town. Methinks tho the 
streets are not so clean as they are in Holland yet they are 
not so dirty as ours ; they are very well paved and very 
easy — they onely have od smells. My sister Issabella's lodg- 
ings and mine are much better than I expected and so is 
all in this place. For our lodging they wear all one great 
room, and now are divided with board into severall. My 
sister Issabella has a good bed-chamber with a chimney in it; 
there is a little hole to put by things, and between her room 
and mine there is an indiferent room without a chimney ; 
then mine is a good one with a chimney which was made a 
purpose for me. I have a closet and a place for my trunks 
and ther's a little place where our women dine, and over 
that such anothere. I doubt I have quite tirde out your 


patience so that T will say no more onely beg you to believe 
me to be what I realy am and will be your very affectionate 

Pray remember me very kindly to Sir Alin." 

The princess was only fourteen years of age when she 
wrote this letter. The greater part of it is published in 
Miss Strickland's Queens of England, vol. xii. 

Sir Allen died October 15th, 1683, at his house in St. 

James' Square, and was buried in Westminster 

Death of Abbey, near the entrance to Henry VIl's. 

Chapel. His wife Frances, daughter of Sir 

• • John Petre of Bowkay, Devon, survived him 

fifteen years, and is buried with him. 

They left two children, Peter and Frances. Frances 

married Sir Benjamin Bathurst. Peter was made 

^^^ Clerk to the Crown in 1667, and was afterwards 


- knighted. He was frequently employed in the 

foreign secret service by Charles H. and James 

11. He married twice. His first wife, Anne, died September 

5th, 1681, and is buried in Westminster Abbey. By her he 

had one son, Allen, who died unmarried in .1691, and is 

buried with his mother. By his second wife, Fortrey, he 

had one daughter, Catharine, who married her cousin Allen 

Bathurst, afterwards ist Baron and Earl Bathurst. 



The family of Bathurst came originally from Sussex, where 
they had a castle at a place called Bathurst, not far from 
Battle Abbey ; but the owner, Laurence Bathurst, having 
sided with the Lancastrians in the Wars of the Roses, was 
dispossessed of his estates and executed in 1463 by Edward 
IV., after the defeat of Henry VL at Hexham. The castle 
was demolished, but the ruins were still to be seen in the 
middle of the last century, in a wood called Bathurst Wood. 

The son and grandson of this Laurence Bathurst, who 
were of the same name, lived at Cranebrook, within three 
miles of the ancient family seat, and also owned land at 
Staplehurst in Kent. 

Lancelot Bathurst, Alderman of London, in the fourth 
generation from the Laurence Bathurst, who 
ance ^^^^^ executed, built a house in the parish of 

, .■,, Horton Kirby, Kent, called Franks, which still 

Franks exists, in excellent preservation, though it has 
long passed out of the family. It descended to 
Lancelot's eldest son Randolph, and his male heirs, till 
1738, when this branch of the family became extinct in the 
male line. It is from George, the third son of Lancelot, 
that the present family are descended. George Bathurst 
lived the greater part of his life at Hothorpe in Northamp- 
tonshire, a place which belonged to his wife Elizabeth Villiers, 
and which she inherited from her father. George Bathurst 
met his wife while pursuing his studies at Oxford, where she 
lived with her mother and her step-father Dr. Kettel, 

John Bathurst, 

ancestor of the 
athursts of Oakham. 

Several other Sons. 









n Brown 

Edmund Peshall, 
of Bromley, 

Robert Owen. 


= Frances, 






Sir* Benjamin, Kt., LL.D. = 

. 161I. 


b. 1633. 

b. 1634. 

b. 1638. 

2nd dau. of 

• 1644- I170I. 

Kdleil in 

Treasurer of the Household 

Sir Allen Apsley. 

ailed at 


to Princess Anne. 

b. 1653. 

lege of 1 


Cofferer to Queen Anne. 

d. 1727. 


Bought Cirencester. 

Buried at 


d. April 27th, 1704. 

Buried at Paulerspury, 



pt, FiNETTA, dau. 

and co-heiress 

of Ann = Henry Pye, 


Pool, of 1 

Cemble, Wills. 

of Farringdon. 

d. 1738. 
. 2nd, Catharine, dau. of 
Laurence Brodrick, D.D., 
brother to Alan, Visct. Middleton. 


FRANd{st, Ann, dau. & heiress 

1., 1st, Vf James, widow of 

(M.P.), jChas. Phillips, d. 1758. 
ir J. Wo(^nd, Tryphena, dau. of 

(d. 17; Thomas Scawen, 
i, Jas. Wof Maidwell, Northants, 
M.I by Tryphena, dau. of 
, Lord William Russell, 
b. 1730. d. 1807. 




Rev. Allen, LL.B,, 



Rector of 

an infant. 


Beverstone & Saperton 

b. 1728. 

b. 1729. d. 1767. 

d. 1777. 

Buried at Saperton, 



! 1 

lA. ArSLEY. 

I. b. 1769. 

7. D.C.L. 

1 Clerk of the Crown. 

1 d. 1816. 

1 1 

r Geopgepir Fredk. C. Ponsonby, 
Eapl. f 3rd Earl of Bessborough. 
1790- ral. Governor of Malta. 
1866. d. 1837. 

Rev, Charles. 
1). 1802. d. 1842. 
Rector of Southam, 
Warwickshire, and 
Siddington, Glos. 

= 1830, Lady Emily Bertie, 
dau. of 5th Earl of Abingdon 
d. 1881. 

.YN, dau. of Marv 
aard Hankey, b. 
Park, Surrey. d. 




The family of Bathurst came originally from Sussex, where 
they had a castle at a place called Bathurst, not far from 
Battle Abbey ; but the owner, Laurence Bathurst, having 
sided with the Lancastrians in the Wars of the Roses, was 
dispossessed of his estates and executed in 1463 by Edward 
IV., after the defeat of Henry VL at Hexham. The castle 
was demolished, but the ruins were still to be seen in the 
middle of the last century, in a wood called Bathurst Wood. 

The son and grandson of this Laurence Bathurst, who 
were of the same name, lived at Cranebrook, within three 
miles of the ancient family seat, and also owned land at 
Staplehurst in Kent. 

Lancelot Bathurst, Alderman of London, in the fourth 
generation from the Laurence Bathurst, who 
ance ^^^^ executed, built a house in the parish of 

, .■■, Horton Kirby, Kent, called Franks, which still 

Franks. exists, in excellent preservation, though it has 
long passed out of the family. It descended to 
Lancelot's eldest son Randolph, and his male heirs, till 
1738, when this branch of the family became extinct in the 
male line. It is from George, the third son of Lancelot, 
that the present family are descended. George Bathurst 
lived the greater part of his life at Hothorpe in Northamp- 
tonshire, a place which belonged to his wife Elizabeth Villiers, 
and which she inherited from her father. George Bathurst 
met his wife while pursuing his studies at Oxford, where she 
lived with her mother and her step-father Dr. Kettel, 


aiohard Boteherste, 1438. 
Lawrence BathUFSt, sided ' 
Lawrence Bathurst, 
Lawrenc e Bathurst, of Staplehui 

, whereby he forfeited 1 

, dau. of Robert Chapmar 

state in Sussex, and suflercd for Treason, I461. 

Robert Bathurst, of Horsemonden, Kent, 
and Lechlade, Glo'st., and Finchcocks, Kent. 

John Bathurst, 
iigthursts of Oakham. 

Randolph Bathu 

of East Sutton, 

George, = isl, 1610, Elizabeth, daughter and h 
f Hothorpe. I Edward Viliiers, of Hothorpe, Noi 
b. 1589. b. IS9S- d. 1650. 

d. 1656. =2nd, Susanna, dau. of Sir Richar 
I of Watford, Norlhants, Kl 

b. 1616. 

Killed in 




ll'u.°.i heir of John 
Baunton, Devon, 


b. 1625. 

Killed in 



b. 16; 

Benjamin, Kt., LL.D. = Prances. 

:d in Tre: 
Wars. Co 

of Balllesden, Beds, I7'2, 

and Earl Bathurst, 

of Bathurst, Sussex, 1772. 

M.r. for Cirencester 1705. P.O. 

Treasurer to George, Pr. of Wales, 

Capt. of Band of Gentlemen Pens 

of Clarendon P 
M.P. for Cireiii 

, Leonora IVIaria, 

Charles Howe, 
of Gritworlh, Norlhants. 

3 6 children. 

ETTA, dau. and 

' Pool, of Kcml 

d. 1738. 

' , D.D., 

. MidtUeton. 

m. Hon. Reginald 
Courtenay, bro. to 

Henry, 2nd Earl, ^ <ist, Ann, dau. & heiress 

ere. Baron Apsley and of James, widow of 

Lord Chancellor I77r. Chas. Phillips, d. 1758. 

President of the Council = and, Tryphena, dau. of 

of Maidwell, Northants, 

by Tryphena, dau. of 
I Lord William Russell. 

d T*' 


Petek George t 

Seymour Thomas, = 1829, Julia, dau. of 

Lt.-Col. Coldstream Guards. I John Peter Hankey. 
Treasurer of Malta. b. 179S. 

Rector of Southam, 
Warwickshire, and 
Siddinglon, Glos. 

Isabel Melii 
d. Oct.' I 

Alexander 1874= 2nd, EvEJ.VN', dau. of 
th Earl. 1 George Barnard Hankey, 

3r Cirencester. | of F ' '- ■ ■ 

■ Fetchani|Park, , 

b. 1S34.' 
d. 1SS3. 

I Meriel.= Ge. 


President of Trinity College. She was only 14 years old 
when she married. It is reported of George Bathurst that 
"at the time of his marriage he was worth about ;^3oo a 
year, and that all his children were very ingenious and 
prosperous in the world, and most of them handsome." He 
married, secondly, Susanna, daughter of Sir Richard Burneby 
of Watford, Northants, but had no children by her. He 
was buried in Theddingworth Church, Leicestershire, the 
parish in which Hothorpe lies. On the upper part of the 
tomb are busts of himself and his first wife, Elizabeth, and 
below, are the figures of their 13 sons and 4 daughters, 
one son being in swaddling clothes ; there is a long inscrip- 
tion, giving the names of all the children. Several of his 
sons lost their lives in the Civil Wars, among others, the 
eldest son, George, a Fellow of Trinity College, Oxford, who 
died in 1644, of a wound in the thigh, which he received 
while defending the garrison of Farringdon in Berkshire, 
against the rebels. The second son, Edward, was said to be 
" a person of singular learning and probity.'' He also was 
a Fellow of Trinity College, Oxford, and left some land 
in Northamptonshire to his college for charitable purposes ; 
he erected a statute of the Founder of Trinity over the 
entrance to the hall, in 1665, at which time his brother 
Ralphe was engaged in re-building this college. He was the 
rector of Cheping-Warden, Northants. 

Ralphe, the fifth son of George Bathurst, was celebrated 

in two learned professions. He was educated 
Dean ^^ Trinity College, Oxford, which he entered 

when only 14 years of age, his step -grandfather. 

Dr. Kettel, being the President of the College at this time. 

He took orders in 1644, but on the suppression of the 

Church Establishment by the Parliament, he turned his 



attention to the study of medicine, taking the degree of 
M.D. in 1654, and practising as a physician in Oxford for 
many years. He was appointed physician to the sick, and 
wounded in the Navy, under the Commonwealth, which 
office he discharged with great success. It was while prac- 
tising at Oxford that he had the curious experience of 
bringing back to life a girl called Anne Green, after she 
had been hung. Dr. Bathurst and his friend Dr. Willis 
discovered that the intended subject of a lecture on anatomy 
was still alive, and they were so completely successful in 
recovering her, that she lived for many years afterwards and 
married. iVlthough Dr. Bathurst apparendy devoted himself 
to the medical profession, during the years of Puritan 
ascendency, yet he did not forget that he was a clergyman. 
There was but one Bishop who ventured to hold ordinations 
during the period when the church was under the Puritan 
ban ; this was Skinner Bishop of Oxford, and he was aided 
in this work by Dr. Bathurst, who under cover of visiting 
patients, used to hold the necessary interviews with the 
candidates. It is said that these secret ordinations 
were sometimes held in the Chapel of Trinity College, of 
which Ralphe Bathurst and two of his brothers were Fellows. 
After the Restoration, Dr. Bathurst was nominated Chaplain 
to the King, and President of Trinity ; and as the college 
buildings were almost in ruins, he raised subscriptions for 
their re-building, and re-built the chapel at his own expense. 
The dons of Baliol were less energetic than the dons of 
Trinity, and long after Trinity was restored by Dr. Bathurst's 
exertions, Baliol still remained in a dilapidated condition 
with all the windows broken. Dr. Bathurst was not without 
a secret feeling of triumph at the contrast, and it is said 
that he had been seen in extreme old age, to pick up a 


Stone in his garden, and throw it through one of the broken 
windows of Baliol, to complete the ruin. He was a Fellow 
of the Royal Society, then in its infancy, and was famous for 
his Latin scholarship; he wrote some medical books in Latin 
and various Latin verses; among others some Iambics in praise 
of Hobbes' free-thinking treatise on " Human Nature," which 
were published with that work and which created some 
scandal among religious persons, although, curiously enough, 
the notice they attracted are said to be the cause of his 
appointment to the Deanery of Wells, in 1670. He con- 
tinued to live at Oxford, residence at his Deanery not being 
considered necessary in those days, and in 1673 he became 
Vice-Chancellor of the University. We have a record of 
one of his sermons, preached before Charles H., May nth, 
1666, on the text, "I say unto you all, Watch," which Evelyn 
says was "a seasonable and most excellent discourse." In 
1 69 1, he was offered the Bishopric of Bristol by William 
III., with liberty to retain his Deanery, but he refused, as 
it would have entailed giving up his college life, to which 
he was much attached. He married Mary, widow of Dr. 
John Palmer, Warden of All Souls, and daughter and heir 
of John Tristram of Baunton, Devon, and of Lady Mary 
Ley, daughter of James, Earl of Marlborough and Lord 
High Treasurer of England. She had no children by her 
second marriage. Dean Bathurst was quite blind for some 
years before his death which occurred in consequence of 
breaking his thigh in a fall, occassioned by his blindness while 
walking in his garden. He died at the age of 84, a couple 
of months before his brother Sir Benjamin, who was many 
years his junior. He was buried in the Chapel of Trinity 
College, Oxford. His life was written by Warton, and 
published with his "Literary Remains" in 1761, with a 


portrait at the beginning, which hardly bears out the 

reputation of beauty which his family enjoyed. 

Sir Benjamin Bathurst was the 13th son and xyth child 

of George Bathurst, of Hothorpe, but of his 

_ ^ , early life we know nothing. He was already 

^ J , of middle age, knighted, and in full tide of 
Bathurst. ^ ^ 

prosperity when we first hear of hmi. He was 

a Director of the East India Company, and was appointed 
Governor in 16S8-9. On Princess Anne's marriage to Prince 
George of Denmark in 1683, he was made her Treasurer, 
and held this office till her accession when he became 
Cofferer of the Household. The Princess's household can 
hardly have been a bed of roses under the iron rule of 
Sarah Duchess of Marlborough, but Sir Benjamin steered his 
course prudently, and it does not appear that he fell under 
the displeasure either of Queen Mary or of the Duchess of 
Marlborough, in spite of the war that raged between them. 
On one occasion, when Sir Benjamin was sent by Princess 
Anne to inform Queen Mary of her approaching accouche- 
ment, the Queen refused to see him, but this was in the 
height of her quarrel with her sister, and does not imply 
any personal feeling against Sir Benjamin. 

Lady Bathurst (Frances Apsley") was very intimate both 

with Queen Mary and Queen Anne in their 

Portrait ^^^^^ days. A letter from the former, then 

of aueeii pj-incess Mary, to Lady Bathurst, which is at 

Cirencester, gives the history of a portrait of the 

Princess, that is now in the hall at Cirencester. King 
James desired to have a portrait of his daughter, whom he 
was very fond of, little dreaming that within three years 
from that time, she would have supplanted him on the 
throne ; and he sent over a painter to Holland, shortly after 


his accession, to paint both her and the Prince of Orange. 
This painter, whose name was Wissing, though a Dutchman 
by birth, was historical painter to King James, and had 
formerly been an assistant to Sir Peter Lely, who in his 
youth had been a pupil of Vandyke. He painted the two 
portraits ordered, and they were sent to the King, and are 
now at Hampton Court. This must have been in 1685 or 
1686, and the following letter from Princess Mary respecting 
her own portrait, must have been written in 1685 or 1686 as 
Wissing died early in the following year 1687. 

" for the Lady Bathurst, 

Loo , October the 4th. 

I own your complaint to be just, my dear Aurelia and 

my long silence to be without excuse and am 

Letter of resolved to make amends for the time to come ; 

Princess as for my picture Mr. Wissing is now in 

y England so I cant give you an original but if 

P ,, you will have a copie he may make you one 

whenever you please do but give him order 

and I shall take care to pay him when he sends me the 

picture I expect from him. Pray remember me very 

kindly to my Lady Apsley and tho I have not time at 

the present to say more yet be assured I shall never alter 

towards you as long as I live. 

Pray when you (speak ?) to Mr. Wissing tell him I write 
by this post to the King about the Duchesses picture and 
my Brother's." 

It is not quite clear who she means by the Duchess and 

her brother. The most probable explanation is that the 

portraits were those of her mother, the Duchess of York 

(Anne Hyde) and her brother Edgar, Duke of Cambridge, 



who died when he was six years old. It is possible that 
Princefs Mary may have wished for copies of their portraits. 
An interesting story is repeated by Miss Strickland {Queens 
of England, vol. x., p. 372), with reference to the original 
picture of Princess Mary, of which the one at Cirencester is 
a replica. This picture hung in James IPs. private cabinet, 
and in an audience which the King gave to Edmund Waller, 
poet and statesman, then an old man, he asked him " How 
do you like that portrait of my eldest daughter .?" " My 
eyes are dim," replied Waller, " but if that is the Princess 
of Orange, she bears some resemblance to the greatest 
woman the world ever saw." The King asked who he 
meant, and testified some surprise when Waller answered, 
" Queen Elizabeth." " She had great ministers," drily 
observed the King. " And when did your majesty ever 
know a fool choose wise ones?" rejoined Waller, impressively. 
The great grandson of Mary Queen of Scots might have 
been excused for not joining very cordially in the praises of 
Queen Elizabeth. 

The following letters from Princess Anne to Sir Benjamin 
refer to the time when she left the Cockpit, a house which 
had originally formed part of Whitehall Palace, although it 
was not on the same side of the street, but having been 
alienated from the Palace in the days of the Commonwealth, 
was re -purchased by Charles II. from Lord Danby, and 
assigned by him to Princess Anne, for a residence, on her 
marriage. It stood between what is now the Horse Guards 
and Downing Street. Early in 1692, William III. dismissed 
Lord Marlborough, not only from his office as gentleman of 
the bedchamber, but from all his employments, military and 
civil, including that of Lieutenant -General, for his faults in 
excessive taking of bribes, covetousness and extortion, on all 


occasions, from his inferior officers. And later in the same 
year, on the discovery of his treasonable correspondence 
with King James, William sent him to the Tower. In the 
meantime Queen Mary desired her sister to dismiss Lady 
Marlborough from her household, and as this request only 
excited Princess Anne's bitterest resentment, and was met by 
an absolute refusal to part with her favourite, Queen Mary 
then sent an official message, warning Lord and Lady Marl- 
borough to abide no longer at the Palace of Whitehall, 
under which name she included the Cockpit. Princess Anne, 
upon this, at once gave up her own residence at the Cockpit, 
and left it for Sion House, which was lent her for the occa- 
sion by the Duchess of Somerset. It is not certain that the 
following letter is of this date, as the only date given is 
"Thursday night," but the context makes it probable, as for 
some time after she left the Cockpit, she lived in hired 
houses ; and after her sister's death, the royal palaces of St 
James' and Windsor were lent her by King William, in none 
of which would repairs or alterations be her affair; and it is 
evident that she wishes some projected improvements to be 
stopped, for some reason which she prefers to explain by 
word of mouth. The sudden change of plans points to this 
letter being written immediately after Queen Mary's order to 
Lord and Lady Marlborough to leave the Cockpit, and 
Princess Anne's consequent sudden determination to go away 
also, which she announced to the Queen in a letter dated 
February 8th, 1692. If this is so the letter to Sir Benjamin 
which here follows was written, in all probability, on the 
following Thursday, February nth, 1692. 

"For Si' Benj" Bathurst. 
For feare I should not have an opertunety of speaking 
49 « 


with you before you go to y® treasury, I writt 
01 ^i^jg J.Q desire you would not press anything 

. to be don more to this house then what S'' 

to Sir B Chrystopher Wren represents to be .necessary 

Bathurst. ^o^ repairing of it, for reasons yt I will tell you 

when I see you. 
Thursday night." Anne. 

The Princess moved to Sion House soon after, in the 
course of February, and remained there for some months, 
during which one of the many children was born, whom the 
Princess was unfortunate enough to bring into the world, 
only to see them die in the course of a few days or months. 
The letter that comes next was evidently written from Sion 
House, which, as it is nearly opposite Richmond, would be 
at a convenient distance from London to enable her to go 
to the Playhouse, using the Cockpit, where some of her 
household still lived, as a pied-a-terre. Although the allusion 
to taking the waters might suggest that she was at Bath, yet 
this is certainly not the case, as we know by the subsequent 
letter that she was at Bath in October of the same year, 
and the journey to Bath was far too serious a business to be 
undertaken twice in so short a time, especially as the Princess 
was in delicate health at the time, nor could she have 
travelled from Bath to London in one day. 

"For SI- Benj" Bathurst. 

I was in such hast when I writt last night I had not 

time to tell you ye reason I kept your man so 

from ^°"S' ^^ ^^^^ ^° ^^^^ ^* night he came I could 

Clueen ^^^ possible writt to have sent him back in any 

Anne time nor I could not do it yesterday morning 

to Sir B. because I took ye waters and all y*^ afternoon I 

Bathurst. ^^^^ hindered by a lady y* came from London, 



I shall be at y^ Cockpitt tomorrow by four o'clock and I 
desire you would order half a dozen boats to be at y'' 
bridge at Whithall (at half an hour after) to carry me to 
the Play house w°b is all I have to say but y* I am your 
very affectionate friend, 

Wensday past six oclock, 

July VI. 1692." 
The Princess was engaged during this summer in negoti- 
ating for the hire of Berkeley House, the property of Lord 
Berkeley, standing on the site of the present Devonshire 
House. The letter that is next given refers to this affair, 
and was written very shortly before she took possession of 
Berkeley House, in the autumn of 1692. 

"To S^ Benjn Bathurst, 

Bath, October y^' 3rd. 

I received a letter from you this morning and cant help 

Letter of laughing at y« pretention you tell me Lord 

dueen Berkly has to keep a garrett in y® house it is 

Anne so very ridiculus and more impertinent if it be 

to Sir B. possible than anything they have don yet, pray 

Bathurst. ^gj^ -^^^^ Berkly her son has lodgings in y^ 

Cockpitt as groom of y® Stole w°^ are much better than 

any he can expect in a place where I am so streightened for 

room myself I hope since I have don all I can to make 

them easy in my house they will think it reasonable to 

inake me so in theirs, w'''^ is impossible for me to be if 

they keep any one room as to what you say about y'' house 

at Newbury I gave nothinge to y® servants when I came 

down nor dont remember I gave anything myself when I lay 

theire the time before, therefore you had best give y® Clark 

of y® kitching order to give what you did then ; I have 



ordered Otway to go this week to Camden house ("Princess 
Anne sometimes used Campden House, where her son the 
little Duke of Gloucester had his establishment, as a 
temporary residence ''), to furnish yt room that was foster's 
(PGloster's) for y^ Princes use, and I desire you would lett 
fiers be made in y* the parlour and my bedchamber a week 
before I com constantly every day, and if you will send to 
Burt to see it don it will be better than to leave it to the 
pages of the back stairs ; I hope you have not forgot to 
bespeake some patrons of lace for y'' liverys nor to pay Mr. 
Baptist y'' money I desired you ; I can not end this without 
thanking you for your kindness in giveing me so constant an 
account of my boy I do assure you it shall never be 
forgotten by your very affectionate friend 

pray remember me very kindly to your lady." 

An anecdote which refers to Sir Benjamin is told by 
Miss Strickland {^Queens of England, xi., p. 369). In the 
summer of 1695, change of air was recommended by Dr. 
Radcliffe for the delicate little Duke of Gloucester, Princess 
Anne's son, then six years old. The Princess inquired for 
houses at Epsom, Richmond and Hampstead ; at last her 
own early reminiscences led her to prefer Twickenham ; but 
she no longer had the command of the old palace where 
she was nursed. She was offered three adjacent houses for 
her son's household and her own. They belonged to Mrs. 
Davies, an ancient gentlewoman of Charles I's. court, who 
was more than eighty years of age. She was aunt to the old 
Earl of Berkeley, and consequently great aunt to the govenor 
of the little prince, Lord Fitzharding. She was devout, and 
lived an ascetic life on herbs and fruit, although a lady of 
family and property. Simple as were her habits, she enjoyed 


a healthy and cheerful old age. All the fields and hedge- 
rows of her estate she had caused to be planted with 
beautiful fruit trees. The cherries were richly ripe when the 
Princess came to Twickenham, and the hospitable gentle- 
woman gave the individuals of the princess's household leave 
to gather as much fruit as they pleased, on the condition 
" that they were not to break or spoil her trees." When 
the Princess had resided at this lady's house for a month, 
she told Sir Benjamin Bathurst to take a hundred guineas, 
and offer them to their aged hostess, in payment for rent 
and for trouble she and her people had given her, but the 
old lady positively declared she would receive nothing. Sir 
Benjamin, nevertheless, pressed the payment on her, and put 
the guineas in her lap, but the loyal gentlewoman persisted 
in her refusal, and rising up, let the gold she rejected roll 
to all corners of the room, and left the comptroller to 
gather it up as he might. 

The following letter was written by Queen Anne to Sir 
Benjamin after her accession, probably in 1703. It shows 
that the Queen entered into all the details of her household. 

" Queen Anne to Sir Benjamin Bathurst, 

Windsor, June 8. 
I received yours yesterday and should be very glad if 

Potvin would bring down y' part of my bed he 

Letter of showed you, but as for y® confectioner you 

Uueen mention I do not approve of him, for I will 

^ o- -r. never take any bodys servant from them tho 
to Sir B. ^ ■' 

Bathurst ^ ^^ ^^^™ never soe willing to it — therefore I 
desire you would look out for some other or if 
you could meet with a woman y* dos those kind of things 
well, I had rather have one than a man, w*^'^ is all I have 
to say, but y' I am your very affectionate friend, 



Sir Benjamin owned a good deal of property in 
Northamptonshire, including the Manor House of Paulers- 
pury, which, no doubt, was his country house for some years 
before he bought Cirencester, as it was the place chosen for 
his burial. The inscription to his memory and that of his 
wife, in Paulerspury Church, is as follows : — 

" Here lie the bodies of Benjamin Bathurst and Dame 
Frances Bathurst, his wife. Sir Benjamin was descended 
from the ancient family of Bathursts of Bathurst in the 
County of Sussex. But his ancestor Laurence Bathurst 
having taken part with Henry VI. forfeited his life and 
estate to Edward IV., who granted the estate to Battle 
Abbey. Sir Benjamin was the twelfth son of George 
Bathurst, fourth son of Lancelot Bathurst of Franks in the 
county of Kent. In 1610 George Bathurst married Eliz. 
daughter and co-heiress of Edward Villiers of Howthorp in 
this county, from whom Sir Benjamin inherited the said 
manor and estate, all his brothers having died in his 
lifetime without male issue. Sir Benjamin was appointed 
Treasurer to the Princess Anne of Denmark on the first 
establishment of her household, and by his singular prudence 
and economy recommended himself so far to the favour of 
his royal mistress as that on her coming to the throne, she 
constituted him Cofferer of her household, which office he 
enjoyed till his death. His lady, who was second daughter 
of Sir Allen Apsley of Apsley in Com. Sussex, had the 
singular good fortune to pass her early years with the two 
Princesses, Lady Mary and Lady Ann, both afterwards 
Queens of England ; and during the whole of their lives 
was honour'd with their friendship, of which she was in 
no wise undeserving. He died 27th April 1704, aged 65, 
she died August 1727, aged 74." 


This inscription contains two errors : — Sir Benjamin was 
not the 1 2th but the 13th son of George Bathurst ; and the 
estate of Hothorpe can never actually have been in his 
possession, since the last of his elder brothers, Moses, held it 
till his death, March 28th, 1705, nearly a year after Sir 
Benjamin's death, when it descended to his son Allen. The 
place was sold in 1805 by the 3rd Earl. It was Sir Benja- 
min who in 1695 bought Cirencester House and estate, and 
the many portraits in the house of various celebrities of 
Charles H's. court and reign, no doubt date from his time. 
Some of his relations, Bathursts of the Yorkshire branches 
of the family, were settled in Lechlade in the neighbourhood 
of Cirencester, which perhaps was the cause of his fixing his 
home in this part of the country. He married Frances, 
second daughter of Sir Allen Apsley, and left four children, 
of whom three were sons ; and to each of his sons he left an 
estate : — Cirencester to Allen, Clarenden Park in Wiltshire 

to Peter, and Lydney in Gloucestershire to 

Sir Benjamin. It is a curious fact that although 

Benjamin's Peter had 17 children and Benjamin 36, yet 

descena- -^^ ^^^^i cases male heirs failed in the course of 

one or two generations. One of Benjamin's 
36 children was Henry, Bishop of Norwich, and it is a son 
of his, another Benjamin, whose mysterious disappearance in 
Germany, November 25th, 1809, remains unexplained to this 
day. (See printed account of the event, from the Comhill 
Magazine of March, 1887.) Of the three children left by 
this Benjamin Bathurst, two met with violent deaths : one 
son was killed by a fall from his horse at a race at Rome, 
and a daughter, Rosa, also died at Rome from an accident, 
when only 18 years of age. She was riding with a party of 
friends along the path by the side of the Tiber, which being 


much swollen by flood had undermined the banks and made 

the path narrower than usual. Her horse led the way, and 

being frightened from some cause, tried to turn back, when 

its hind legs slipped over the edge, and, to the horror of 

the rest of the party, who were unable to give any help, 

it fell backwards into the flooded river with its unfortunate 

rider, who was instantly whirled out of sight by the current, 

nothing being seen of her by her companions, after she 

fell in, but one raised arm with her riding-whip in her hand. 

Her body was recovered after some weeks, the whip still 

grasped in the hand. 

Sir Benjamin's eldest son Allen was born in 1684, and 

in 1692, at the age of eight, he married his 

Allen, first cousin Catherine Apsley, daughter of 

1st Earl sii- Peter Apsley, who was only four. This 

Batnurst. marriage is described by their daughter Lady 

Marriage Leonora Urmston, as being celebrated in jest, 

^0 . to please their grandmother Lady Apsley. Lady 
C fi,"t"li6riiiG 

1 Leonora bequeathed the tiny wedding-ring and 

guard, used on the occasion, which had fallen 

into her hands, to the head of the family at the time 

being, in a paper of which the following is a copy : — 

Sir Allen Lady Apsley, 

Apsley. I his wife. 

Fortrey,— Sir Peter Francess Apsley,— Sir Benjamin 

his wife. I Apsley. married to I Bathurst. 

I Sir B. B. I 

Catharine Apsley married Allen Lord 

Born June 27th, 1688. 1692 Bathurst. 

Died June 8th, at 12 with this Born Nov. 16, 1684. 

at night, 1768. ring in jest to Died Sept. l6th, 

please ye old Lady 1775- 

Apsley, married 

again, July 6th, 




"When I dye, I beg these rings and my fathers and mothers 
pictures may be given to the person who shall at that time be 
Head of the Family, whoever it may happen to be. 

Leonora Urmston." 

It is, in fact, a mistake to speak of the marriage as a 
jest. Infantine marriages had long been a common custom 
in the case of heiresses and great persons. The youngest 
of the little princes who were murdered in the Tower, 
for instance, the Duke of York, who was only eight years 
old, was already a widower. In Charles II's. reign there 
were many of these childish marriages. They were regarded 
in the light of formal betrothals, which required ratification 
by a second marriage in maturer years ; but it was not often 
that they were set aside. A curious instance of these double 
marriages was that of the first Duke of Grafton to the little 
daughter and heiress of the Earl of Arlington, the " Secretary 
Bennett " of whom Mrs. Hutchinson had such great cause 
of complaint, and who expressed himself anxious for the 
health of Col. Hutchinson's soul. Lord Arlington had been 
an ardent Royalist during the Civil Wars, in the course of 
which he received a cut over the bridge of the nose which 
obliged him to wear a black patch for the rest of his life. 
He was advanced to great honours by Charles II., who 
created him- Earl of Arlington, and made several grants of 
crown land to him, including the site of the present 
Buckingham Palace and Euston in Suffolk. His portrait is to 
be seen in the dining room at Cirencester House. The 
future Duchess was only five when her first marriage took 
place, but she was called Duchess of Grafton thenceforward. 
She was re-married at the age of 12. (See Evelyns Diary ^ 
August ist, 1672, and November 6th, 1679.) 

57 I 


Thus Lady Apsley only followed royal example when she 
married her two grand children to one another, in their 
childhood. They were re-married July 6th, 1704; but it 
cannot be said that Allen Bathurst acted under compulsion 
on this occasion, for his grand mother had long been 
dead, and his father had also died three months before, 
when the young man of 19, after finishing his education 
at Trinity College, Oxford, brought home his wife of 16, to 
be mistress at Cirencester. 

In the following year, 1705, there was a general election, 
and 'although he was not quite of age, he was 
^ tor elected member for Cirencester, His first vote 
Cirencester j r u 1 .u 

was canvassed for by no less a personage than 

Queen Anne herself, who wrote the following letter to his 
mother, to induce him to vote for her protege, Mr. John 
Smith, as Speaker of the House of Commons. The date of 
the letter is October 23rd, 1705, two days before the new 
parliament met. 

" Queen Anne to Lady Bathurst, 

Kensington, October y^ 23rd. 

I doubt what I am now going to say will come too late 

jpj-j. to obtain my wish, the meeting of parliament 

from being soe very neare, y* one may reasonably 

Clueeii believe that every one has taken their resolution 

Anne to who they will give their votes for to be speaker ; 

Lady however I cannot help asking you whether your 

urs . g^^ -g engaged or no. If he be not, I hope 

you will give me your interest with him to be for Mr. 

Smith. I look upon myself to have a particular conserne 

for Mr. Bathurst, both for his father's sake and y'' long 

acquaintance and friendship there has been between you and 



me, which makes me very desirous he may alhvays behave 
himself rightly in everything. I do not at all doubt of his 
good inclinations to serve me, and therefore hope, tho' it 
should be too late to recall his resolutions as to y® speaker, 
he will be carefuU never to engage himself soe far into any 
party as not to be at liberty to leave them when he sees 
them running into things that are unreasonable, for I shall 
allways depend on his concurring in everything y* is good 
for me and for the publick. 

I hope when I am at St. James's I shall see you oftener 
than I have don of late, and that you will com whenever 
it is easyest to yourself to her y* will be glad to see you at 
any time, and is, with all sincerity, y*'^ 

Anne R." 

Mr. John Smith was elected Speaker, but not by Allen 
Bathurst's vote, as we see by Lady Bathurst's answer to the 
Queen : — 

" I am just come to town and have received the honour 
of your Majeste's letter, I am extremely afflicted that your 
Majesty should signify your inclinations in any thing where 
in I cannot give an instance of my Duty, but the Relation 
and long acquaintance Mr, Bromley has had in this family, 
engaged my son to promiss him his vote from the first time he 
thought of being speaker, and before he knew what opposition 
he was like to have, your Majesty has just Reason to expect 
from any thing that belongs to me not only inclinations, but an 
active zeal for your service, and I dare say my son will 
according to the best of his judgment be ready to expresse 
that in everry thing, I am sure if he does not he will fail the 
hopes I have of him, and it will be a great trouble to me, 


who can only Return all your Majesty's goodness to me 
and mine by being in a particular manner 
your Majesty's most 
Oct. ye 24, Devoted and Obedient 

1705." humble servant. 

Three years later he was honoured by a visit from 

Oueen Anne, who with Prince George of 

Anne's Denmark, slept the night of August 28th, 

visit to 1708) at Cirencester House, on their way to 

Cirencester Bath. 

Allen Bathurst was a Tory in politics, and was suspected 
of a leaning to the Jacobites, but if this feeling existed, it 
was kept within discreet bounds, and was only shown by 
his friendship with Henry St. John,* Lord Bolingbroke, who 
was exiled for his Jacobite principles in 17 14, on George I's. 
accession ; and in his spirited defence of Bishop Atterbury 
on the charge of complicity with Jacobite conspiracies. He 
distinguished himself greatly in his support of the Union 
between England and Scotland, and in opposition to the 
warUke policy of the Duke of Marlborough ; acting always 
as a warm adherent to his friends, Robert Harley, Earl of 
Oxford, and Henry St. John, Lord Bolingbroke. During the 
negotiations for peace with France in 171 1, the Queen, who 
was most anxious for peace, found that the Tory ministry 
under Lord Oxford, was not strong enough in the House of 
Lords to oppose the Whigs, who desired the continuance of 
war. She therefore determined to create a Tory majority, 
and astonished her Council, one day, by taking out of her 

* See note at end, reference to the Bag of the Great Seal. 


pocket a list of twelve persons whom she designed to raise 
to the peerage. Allen Bathurst was one of these new peers, 
and became Baron Bathurst of Battlesden. When the twelve 
new Barons took their seats, the resemblance to a jury was 
so striking that they were asked by the Whigs "whether they 
would speak by their foreman." The Queen's scheme was 
successful, and the peace of Utrecht was signed three 
months after this sudden influx of Tory Lords into the 
Upper House. 

Lord Bathurst was strongly opposed to the Duke of 
Wharton's administration, and on the occasion of a general 
election (March, 1721), the Duke gave ;^iooo to the well- 
known Dr. Young, Rector of Welwyn, Herts, and author 
of a poem called " Night Thoughts," to oppose the 
candidate for Cirencester, supported by Lord Bathurst. Dr. 
Young's opposition proved formidable and alarmed Lord 
Bathurst, who being a better politician than his opponent, 
invited Dr. Young, whom he well knew, to dine at his house 
with some friends, among whom was the candidate supported 
by Lord Bathurst. The unsuspecting poet fell into the snare 
and accepted the invitation ; but, in the midst of his 
conviviality, a message was brought to him that his party, 
convinced by his dining with Lord Bathurst that he had 
formed a coalition with his opponent, were violently incensed 
against him and that they had assembled in great numbers at 
the gate, threatening to tear him in pieces as soon as he 
should make his appearance. Lord Bathurst was obliged 
to provide a large number of his own adherents in 
order to escort the Doctor to his inn, and protect him 
from his friends. These friends, however, were not so 
easily appeased. They afterwards broke by violence into 


the room in which Dr. Young was in bed, and headed 
by a cooper, armed with his adze, so furiously menaced 
the apostate that, according to the humourous relation of 
Lord Bathurst, " I was obliged," said Dr. Young, " to 
kneel in my shirt, and use all the rhetoric of which I 
was master, to save my life. Oh, that cooper ! " " This," 
added Lord Bathurst, " furnished the unfortunate poet 
with a new complaint, or night thought, for the remainder 
of his life." 

Lord Bathurst spent most of his time in opposition, as 
the Tory government only remained in office for three years, 
and the accession of George L brought the Whigs into 
power, with Sir Robert Walpole at their head, whom Lord 
Bathurst actively opposed throughout his long career. After 
Sir Robert's fall in 1742, Lord Bathurst was made a Privy 
Councillor and Captain of the Band of Gentlemen Pensioners, 
which office he resigned in 1744. He was appointed 
Treasurer to the Prince of Wales (afterwards George 
in.) in 1757, and when that Prince came to the 
throne, although Lord Bathurst declined office on account of 
his great age, he had a pension granted him of ;^2ooo a 
year, and was in 1772 advanced to an Earldom. He was 
spared to see his son, well stricken in years, sitting on the 
Woolsack as Lord High Chancellor, being the only person, 
except the father of Sir Thomas More, who ever enjoyed 
this happiness. He was an intimate associate of all the 
principal men of letters of his day ; Swift, Prior, Congreve, 
Gay, Arbuthnot, Addison, Pope, Atterbury, St. John, Sterne 
and Burke. He was the most genial and jovial of peers ; 
his name is invariably mentioned in the memoirs of the 
time wath affectionate respect. Among the many literary 


men around him, Pope seems to have been one of the 

most intimate. He was a constant visitor at Cirencester 

House, or Oakley Grove as it was sometimes called, and 

took the greatest delight in Lord Bathurst's woods and 

plantations, and it appears from a letter of Bishop Atterbury 

to him, that he acted as Lord Bathurst's architect and 

landscape gardener. The Bishop writes, September 21st, 

1 72 1 : — "I am pleased to find you have so 

Letter much pleasure, and (which is the foundation of 

from it) so much health at Lord Bathurst's, may 

^ ^ both continue till I see you : may my Lord 

Atterhury , , . ^ . .\ .,^. ' \ 

, _ have as much satisfaction in building the house 

to Pope. . . '=' . 

in the wood and using it when built, as you 

have in designing it ! I cannot send a wish after him that 

means him more happiness, and yet, I am sure, I wish him 

as much as he wishes himself." This apparently refers to 

the artificial ruins, which still go by the name of the Wood 

House, and fixes both their date and their architect. The 

Wood House is again mentioned in a letter of a later date, 

from Mrs. Pendarves (better known as Mrs. Delany) to 

Dean Swift, written from Gloucester, and dated October 24th, 

1733, as follows : — "A few days before I had your last letter, 

my sister and I made a visit to my Lord and Lady 

Bathurst at Cirencester. Oakley Wood adjoins to his Park ; 

the grand avenue that goes from his House through his Park 

and wood is five miles long ; the whole contains five thousand 

acres. We staid there a day and a half; the wood is 

extremely improved since you saw it ; and when the whole 

design is executed, it will be one of the finest places in 

England. My Lord Bathurst talked with great delight of 

the pleasure you once gave him by surprising him in his 

wood, and showed me the house where you lodged. It has 



been rebuilt ; for the day you left it, it fell to the ground ; 
conscious of the honour it had received by entertaining so 
illustrious a person, it burst with pride. My Lord Bathurst 
has greatly improved the Woodhouse, which you may 
remember but a cottage, not a bit better than an Irish 
cabin. It is now a venerable castle, and has been taken by 
an antiquarian for one of King Arthur's, ' with thicket over- 
grown grotesque and wild.' I endeavoured to sketch it out 
for you ; but I have not skill enough to do it justice. My 
Lord Bathurst was in great spirits; and though surrounded 
by candidates and voters against next Parliament, made 
himself agreeable in spite of their clamour." 

Lord Bathurst proved himself a true friend to Bishop 

Atterbury on the occasion of his impeachment 

°^ before the House of Lords for treasonable 

Bathurst's , ■-,,.. . . , . , 

, „ „ correspondence with the Pretender, of which. 

Bishop '^^ ^^*^'-' ^^ ^^'^^ undoubtedly guilty. Lord 

Atterbury. Bathurst defended him in a speech, in which he 

said, " that if such extraordinary proceedings 

were countenanced, he saw nothing remaining for him and 

others to do, but to retire to their country houses, and 

there, if possible, quietly enjoy their estates within their own 

families, since the least correspondence, or intercepted letter 

might be made criminal." Then turning to the Bishop 

he said, "he could hardly account for the inveterate hatred and 

malice some persons bore the ingenious Bishop of Rochester, 

unless it was, that they were infatuated like the wild 

Americans, who fondly believe they inherit, not only the 

spoils, but even the abilities of the man they destroy." He 

was one of the Lords who entered his protest against the 




Pope's enjoyment of the beauties of Cirencester, during 

his frequent visits there, was great. Writing to 

Pope s Y\[s friend Mr. Digby of Sherburne in Dorsetshire, 

Letters. ^ .■ ^ ■ ■, r 

in 1720, he mentions an account he received of 

him from Lady Scudamore "whose short eschantillon of a 
letter (of a quarter of a page) I value as the short glimpse 
of a vision afforded to some devout hermit ; for it includes 
(as those revelations do) a promise of a better life in the 
Elysian groves of Cirencester, whither, I could say almost in 
the style of a sermon, the Lord bring us all, etc. Thither 
may we tend, by various ways, to one blissful bower ; thither 
may health, peace and good humour wait upon us as 
associates ; thither may whole cargoes of nectar (liquor of 
life and longevity), by mortals called spa-water, be conveyed ; 
and there (as Milton has it) may we, like the deities, on 
flow'rs repos'd, and with fresh garlands crown'd, quaff 
immortality and joy. When I speak of garlands, I should 
not forget the green vestments and scarfs, which your sisters 
promised to make for this purpose. I expect you too in 
green, with a hunting horn by your side and a green hat, 
the model of which you may take from Osborne's description 
of King James the First." 

And, again, in 1722, " Lm told you are all upon removal 
very speedily, and that Mrs. Mary Digby talks in a letter to 
Lady Scudamore, of seeing my Lord Bathurst's wood in her 
way. How much I wish to be her guide through that 
enchanted forest, is not to be expressed ; I look upon 
myself as the magician appropriated to the place, without 
whom no mortal can penetrate into the recesses of those 
sacred shades. I could pass whole days in only describing 
to her the future, and as yet visionary beauties that are to 
rise in those scenes. The palace that is to be built, the 

65 ! 


pavilions that are to glitter, the colonnades that are to adorn 
them ; nay more, the meeting of the Thames and the 
Severn, which (when the noble Owner has finer dreams 
than ordinary) are to be led into each others embraces 
through secret caverns of not above twelve or fifteen miles, 
till they rise and celebrate their marriage in the midst of an 
immense amphitheatre, which is to be the admiration of 
posterity a hundred years hence, but till the destined time 
shall arrive that is to manifest these wonders, Mrs, Digby 
must content herself with seeing what is at present no more 
than the finest wood in England," 

In the following letter, also from Pope to Mr. Digby 
(1724), there is little doubt that "Lord B." is Lord Bathurst. 
" I should be sorry to see my Lady Scudamore's till it has had 
the full advantage of Lord B's. improvements ; and then I will 
expect something like the waters of Riskins — [a place of Lord 
Bathurst's near Windsor, in Buckinghamshire], — and the 
woods of Oakley together, which (without flattery) would be 
at least as good as anything in our world ; for as to the 
hanging gardens of Babylon, the Paradise of Cyprus, and the 
Sharawaggi's of China, I have little or no idea of them, but, 
I dare say Lord B. has, because they were certainly both 
very great and very wild. I hope Mrs. Mary Digby is quite 
tired of his Lordship's Extravagante Bergerie : and that she 
is just now sitting or rather reclining on a bank, fatigued 
with over much dancing and singing at his unwearied request 
and instigation. I know your love of ease so well, that you 
might be in danger of being too quiet to enjoy quiet, and 
too philosophical to be a philosopher ; were it not for the 
ferment Lord B. will put you into. One of his Lordship's 
maxims is, that a total abstinence from intemperance or 
business, is no more philosophy than a total consopiation of 


the senses is repose ; one must feel enough of its contrary 
to have a relish of either." 

The description of Lord B's. restless vivacity accords 
with what Pope writes a few years later of Lord Bathurst : 
"My Lord is too much for me, he walks and is in spirits 
all day long ; I rejoice to see him so. It is a right distinc- 
tion that I am happier in seeing my friends so many 
degrees above me, be it in fortune, health or pleasures, than 
I can be in sharing either with them : for in these sort of 
enjoyments I cannot keep pace with them, any more than I 
can walk with a stronger man." 

The following is a letter to Lord Bathurst from Pope : — 

"September 13. 
I believe you are by this time immersed in your vast 
wood; and one may address to you as to a very abstracted 
person, like Alexander Selkirk, or the self-taught philosopher 
(the title of an Arabic Treatise of the Ufe of Hai Ebn 
Yocktan, explaining the mystic theology of the Mahometans). 
I should be very curious to know what sort of contemplations 
employ you. I remember the latter of those I mentioned, 
gave himself up to a devout exercise of making his head 
giddy with various circumrotations, to imitate the motions of 
the celestial bodies. I don't think it at all impossible that 
Mr. L. may be far advanced in that exercise, by frequent 
turns towards the several aspects of the heavens, to which 
you may have been pleased to direct him in search of 
prospects and new avenues. He will be tractable in time, 
as birds are tamed by being whirled about ; and doubtless 
come not to despise the meanest shrubs or coppice-wood, 
though naturally he seems more inclined to admire God in 
his greater works, the tall timber ; for as Virgil has it, Non 
oinnes arbrusta juvant^ humilesqiie myricae. I wish myself 


with you both, whether you are in peace or at war, in violent 
argumentation or smooth consent, over Gazettes in the 
morning, or over plans in the evening. In that last article, 
I am of opinion your Lordship has a loss of me ; for 
generally after the debate of a whole day, we acquiesced at 
night, in the best conclusion of which human reason seems 
capable in all great matters, to fall fast asleep ! And so we 
ended, unless immediate Revelation (which ever must 
overcome human reason), suggested some new lights to us, 
by a Vision in bed. But laying aside theory, I am told 
you are going directly to practice. Alas, what a fall will that 
be ? A new building is like a new church ; when once it is 
set up, you must maintain it in all the forms, and with 
all the inconveniences ; then cease the pleasant luminous 
days of inspiration, and there is an end of miracles at once 1 
That this letter may be all of a piece, I'll fill the rest 
with an account of a consultation lately held in my 
neighbourhood about designing a princely garden. Several 
critics were of several opinions; one declared he would not 
have too much art in it ; for my notion (said he) of garden- 
ing is, that it is only sweeping nature ; another told them 
that gravel walks were not of a good taste, for all the finest 
abroad were of a loose sand ; a third advised peremptorily 
there should not be one lime tree in the whole plantation ; 
a fourth made the same exclusive clause extend to horse- 
chestnuts, which he affirmed not to be trees, but weeds ; 
Dutch elms were condemned by a fifth; and thus about half 
the trees were proscribed, contrary to the paradise of God's 
own planting, which is expressly said to be planted with all 
trees. There were some who could not bear ever-greens, and 
called them never-greens ; some who were angry at them 
only when cut into shapes, and gave the modern Gardeners 


the name of Ever-green Taylors ; some who had no dislike 
to Cones and Cubes, but would have them cut in Forest 
trees; and some who were in a passion against anything in 
shape, even against dipt hedges, which they called green 
walls. These (my Lord) are our men of taste, who pretend 
to prove it by tasting little or nothing. Sure such a taste is 
like such a stomach, not a good one, but a weak one. We 
have the same sort of critics in poetry; one is fond of 
nothing but Heroics, another cannot relish Tragedies, another 
hates Pastorals, all little wits delight in Epigrams. Will you 
give me leave to add, there are the same in Divinity ; where 
many leading Critics are for rooting up more than they 
plant, and would leave the Lord's Vineyard either very 
thinly furnished, or very oddly trimmed. 

I have lately been with my Lord *, who is a zealous, 
yet a charitable Planter, and has so bad a taste as to like 
all that i§ good. He has a disposition to wait on you on 
his way to the Bath, and if he can go and return to 
London in eight or ten days, I am not without a hope of 
seeing your Lordship with the delight I always see you. 
Every where I think of you, and every where I wish for 

I am etc." 

Pope writes to Lady Mary Wortley Montague from 
Cirencester (Sept. 15th, 1721): — "I very much envy you 
your musical company, which you have a sort of obligation 
to believe, in return to a man, who singly asserts your fine 
taste that way, in contradiction to the whole world. 

It must be sure from that piece of merit (for I have no 

other that I know of towards you), that you can think of 

flattering me at an hundred miles distance, in the most 

affecting manner, by a mention of my trees and garden. 



What an honour it is to my great walk, that the finest 
woman in this world cannot stir from it ? That walk 
extremely well answered the intent of its contriver, when it 
detained her there. But for this accident, how had I 
despised and totally forgot my own little Colifichies, in 
the daily views of the noble scenes, openings and avenues 
of this immense design at Cirencester ? No words, nor 
painting, nor poetry (not even your own), can give the least 
image proportionable to it. And my Lord Bathurst bids me 
tell you, and the young lady with you, that the description 
would cost me much more time than it would cost you to 
come hither ; which, if you have any regard, either for my 
pains or reputation, you will do to save me that trouble, as 
well as to take to yourself the glory of describing it. 

For lodging you need be under no manner of concern ; 
for he invites thither every woman he sees, and every man ; 
those of a more aerial or musical nature, may lodge upon 
the trees with the birds ; and those of a more earthy or 
gross temperature, with the beasts of the field upon the 

Pope dedicated one of his " Moral Essays," the Epistle 
on the Use of Riches, to Allen Lord Bathurst, 

P® ^ and addresses him in the following lines : — 

dedication ,, „, ^ , t,-, -.i .1 a . 

" The sense to value Riches, with the Art 

.„ ,, , T'enioy them, and the Virtue to impart, 

Bathurst. ., ' ^- • , \. 

Not meanly, nor ambitiously pursued, 

Not sunk by sloth, nor raised by servitude : 

To balance Fortune by a just expence, 

Join with Economy, Magnificence ; 

With Splendor, Charity ; with Plenty, Health ! 

Oh teach us, Bathurst ! yet unspoil'd by wealth ! 

That secret rare, between th' extremes to move 

Of mad Good-nature, and of mean Self-love." 



And in another Epistle on the same subject, he writes ■.' — 

" Who then shall grace, or who improve the Soil ? 
Who plants like Bathurst, or who builds hke Boyle, 
'Tis Use alone that sanctifies Expense, 
And Splendor borrows all her rays from Sense." 

Dr. Arbuthnot, Queen Anne's favourite physician, writes 
in his old age : — 

" Lord Bathurst I have always honoured, for every good 

quality that a person of his rank ought to have ; 

Letter pj.^y^ gj^g ^-^^ respects and kindest wishes to 

^ the family. My venison stomach is gone, 

Arh til t ^^^ ^ have those about me and often with me, 

to Pope. ^'^*-* ^^'^^ ^^ ^^''y S^^d of his present. If it is 

left at my house, it will be transmitted safe 

to me." 

In a letter to Swift, Lord Bathurst, who was the happy 

father of nine children, alludes to the Dean's 

Letter rather ghastly satire, suggesting a means for 

from relieving the distresses of the Irish by fattening 

Lord ^Y\e\r children for the table. He writes : — 

Bathurst u t jj • j- . i • t , 

"I did immediately propose it to Lady 

Swift Bathurst as your advice, particularly for her 

last boy, which was born the plumpest and 

finest thing that could be seen ; but she fell into a passion, 

and bid me send you word that she would not follow up 

your direction, but that she would breed him to be a parson, 

and he shall live upon the fat of the land ; or a lawyer, 

and then instead of being eat himself, he shall devour 

others. You know women in a passion never mind 

what they say ; but as she is a very reasonable woman, I 

have almost brought her over now to your opinion, and have 



convinced her that, as matters stood, we could not possibly 
maintain all the nine ; she does begin to think it reasonable 
that the youngest should raise fortunes for the eldest." 

The date of Queen Anne's Column in the Park at 
Cirencester is fixed by a remark of Lord Orrery in a letter 
to Swift, dated July yth, 1741 : — "Lord Bathurst is at 
Cirencester, erecting Tillars and Statues to Queen Anne." 

Sterne, in his "Letters to Eliza," gives a very pleasmg 

description of Allen, Lord Bathurst, in his old 

Sterne's age. "This nobleman," he says, "is an old 

account friend of mine ; he was always the protector of 

01 Al en ^^^^^ ^|- ^^jj. ^^^ genius ; and has had those of 

B th t ^^^ ^^^^ century always at his table. The 

manner in which this notice began of me, was 

as singular as it was polite. He came up to me one day, 

as I was at the Princess of Wales's court, ' I want to know 

you, Mr. Sterne ; but it is fit you should know also who it 

is that wishes this pleasure ; you have heard,' continued he, 

'of an old Lord Bathurst, of whom your Popes and Swifts 

have sung and spoken so much ; I have lived my life with 

geniuses of that cast, but have survived them ; and despairing 

ever to find their equals, it is some years since I have 

closed my accounts, and shut up my books, with thoughts 

of never opening them again ; but you have kindled a desire 

in me of opening them once more before I die, which I now 

do, so go home, and dine with me.' This nobleman, I say, 

is a prodigy, for at eighty-five he has all the wit and 

promptness of a man of thirty ; a disposition to be pleased, 

and a power to please others beyond whatever I knew; 

added to which a man of learning, courtesy and feeling." 



It has been said that Lord Bathurst's praises were 
celebrated in prosaic verses by Pope, and in 
Speech poetical prose by Burke. The latter is a 
reference to a famous speech by Burke on 
Reconciliation with America, delivered in the early part of 
1 775) within a few months of Lord Bathurst's death. 
The orator, with the imagination of a true poet, having 
drawn the attention of the House to the rapid growth of 
the colonies, and the respect with which, on account of 
their wealth and population, they ought to be treated, thus 
proceeded : — ■" Mr. Speaker, I cannot prevail upon myself 
to hurry over this great consideration. It is good for us to 
be here. We stand where we have a vast view of what is, 
and what is past. Clouds, indeed, and darkness rest upon 
the future. Let us, however, before we descend from this 
noble eminence, reflect that this growth of our national 
prosperity has happened within the short period of the life 
of man. It has happened within sixty-eight years. There 
are those alive whose memory might touch the two 
extremities. For instance, my Lord Bathurst might remember 
all the stages of the progress. He was in 1704 of an age 
at least to be made to comprehend such things. He was 
then old enough acta parentuni jam legere, et quo:, sit poterit 
cognoscere virtus. Suppose, sir, that the angel of this 
auspicious youth, foreseeing the many virtues which made 
him one of the most amiable, as he is one of the most 
fortunate men of his age, had opened to him in vision that 
when in the fourth generation, the third prince of the House 
of Brunswick had sat twelve years on the throne of that 
nation which (by the happy issues of moderate and healing 
councils,) was to be made Great Britain, he should 
see his son. Lord Chancellor of England, turn back 
73 K 


the current of hereditary dignity to its fountain and raise 
him to an higher rank of peerage, whilst he enriched the 
family with a new one. If amidst these bright and happy 
scenes of domestic honour and prosperity, that angel should 
have drawn up the curtain and unfolded the rising glories 
of his country, and whilst he was gazing with admiration on 
the then commercial grandeur of England, the genius should 
point out to him a little speck, scarce visible in the mass of 
the national interest, a small seminal principal, rather than a 
formed body, and should tell him, ' Young man ! there is 
America which at this day serves for little more than to 
amuse you with stories of savage men and uncouth manners ; 
yet shall, before you taste of death, show itself equal to the 
whole of that commerce which now attracts the envy of the 
world. Whatever England has been growing to by a pro- 
gressive increase of improvement, brought in by varieties of 
people, by succession of civilising conquests and civilising 
settlements, in a series of seventeen hundred years, you shall 
see as much added to her by America in the course of a 
single life.' If this state of his country had been foretold 
to him, would it not require all the sanguine credulity of 
youth, and the fervid glow of enthusiasm to make him 
believe it ? Fortunate man, he has lived to see it ! 
Fortunate, indeed, if he lives to see nothing that shall vary 
the prospect, and cloud the setting of his day ! " 

Up to within a month of his death. Lord Bathurst con- 
stantly rode out on horse-back, two hours before dinner, 
and drank his bottle of Claret or Madeira after dinner. 
He used to declare that he never could think of adopting 
Dr. Cadogan's method (which apparently involved a rule 
of temperance), as Dr. Cheyne had assured him, fifty years 
ago, he would never live seven years longer, unless he 


abridged himself of his wine. In accordance with this 
maxim, Lord Bathurst having, about two years ago, invited 
several of his friends to spend a few cheerful days with him 
at Cirencester ; and being one evening unwilling to part 
with them, on his son, the Lord Chancellor objecting to 
their sitting up any longer, and saying that health and long 
life were best secured by regularity he allowed him to 
retire ; but as soon as he was gone, the cheerful father 
said : — " Come, my good friends, since the old gentleman is 
gone to bed, I think we may crack another bottle." 

His death happened at Cirencester, after a few days' 
illness, in the 91st year of his age, and on the i6th of 
September, 1775. 

His eldest son Benjamin died before his father, leaving 
no children. He married Lady Elizabeth Bruce, 
Benjamin daughter of the Earl of Elgin and Ailesbury, 
who was one of the twelve Lords created by 
Queen Anne in 1711 to support the Peace of Utrecht, being 
called to the Upper House in his father's lifetime, under the 
title of Lord Bruce, whose mother. Lady Elizabeth Seymour, 
was a sister of " the proud Duke of Somerset," and was 
descended from Henry VH., through that king's youngest 
daughter, Mary Tudor. Lady " Betty " Bathurst's mother 
was Lady Anne Saville, daughter of the Marquis of Halifax. 
Lady Betty was a musician, and has left a relic behind her 
at Cirencester in her organ. She was a correspondent of 
Horace Walpole, but, unfortunately, Walpole's letters to her 
have not been preserved. 

Henry, 2nd Earl Bathurst, was born May 2nd, 17 14, 
TT and was educated at Christ Church, Oxford ; 

2j^^ and, being a second son, adopted the law 

Earl. as a profession. He went into Parliament 



in 1736, and sat first for Cirencester, and afterwards for 
Gloucestershire till 1751. 

Though Mr. Bathurst spoke rarely, he was a constant 
attender in the House, and his vote might always be 
reckoned upon by the opponents of Sir Robert Walpole. 
He joined the Leicester House party, and in 1745 was made 
Solicitor General to the Prince of Wales, on which occasion 
the rank of King's Counsel was conferred upon him. 

In 1749, he opposed the grant of an indemnity to the 
citizens of Glasgow for the loss they had sustained in the 
late rebellion, contending that they ought to have made a 
stouter resistance to the rebels, and that such indemnities 
would lessen the disposition to oppose foreign or domestic 
enemies, and pointing out the burning of Penzance by the 
Spaniards, in the reign of Elizabeth, and of Teignmouth, 
with all the ships in its harbour by the French, in the 
reign of William HI., when no compensation from parliament 
was made to the sufferers, or asked by them. The same 
session he spoke upon his favourite subject, the manning of 
the navy, condemning the plan brought forward by ministers 
for that purpose. In 1750, he delivered a long oration 
about the demolition of the port of Dunkirk, a favourite 
topic for the assailants of successive governments for half a 

Meanwhile he continued steadily to attend the courts in 

Westminster Hall, and to go to the Oxford 

01 circuit. While at the bar, he was engaged in a 
Miss V 

_, , "cause celebre," the trial, at Oxford, in 17^2, 

of Miss Blandy for the murder of her father, 

which he had to conduct for the Crown as the leader of 

the circuit. Miss Blandy was the only daughter of an 

attorney at Henley, who had thought to serve her interests 



by giving out that she was the heiress to a larger fortune 
than was, in fact, the case ; and, unfortunately for her and 
for him, attracted a Captain Cranstoun, who professed himself 
a devoted lover of Miss Blandy. The father, however, posit- 
ively refused his consent to the marriage, and it is said that 
the lovers then decided to poison him. Captain Cranstoun 
sent his fiancee some Scotch pebbles, with some powder to 
clean them, which was, in fact, white arsenic ; and this 
arsenic Miss Blandy administered to her father. Mr. Bathurst's 
speech for the prosecution was a powerful one ; and Miss 
Blandy was convicted and hung, protesting to her last 
moment that she had no intention of injuring her father, 
and that she thought the powder would make him love her, 
and give his consent to her union with Captain Cranstoun. 
The instigator of the crime seems to have escaped from 
justice altogether. 

Mr. Bathurst continued leagued in politics with those 
who placed all their hopes of preferment on the accession of 
a new Sovereign, and at the commencement of the session 
of 1 75 1, he opposed the address to the King. 

Frederick, Prince of Wales, soon after dying suddenly, 
Mr. Bathurst went over, with a number of his party, to the 
Court, and was, in 1754, made by Lord Hardwicke a puisne 
judge of the Court of Common Pleas. 

In February 1770, on the death of Ford Chancellor Yorke, 

the great Seal was put in commission, the 

Made Lord commissioners being Sir Sidney Stafford Smythe, 

Sir Richard Aston and the Honourable Henry 

Bathurst; and the following year the commission was dissolved 

and Henry Bathurst was made Lord Chancellor, and raised to 

the peerage by the title of Baron Apsley of Apsley in Sussex. 

He was sworn in at a council at St. James's the first day of 



Hilary Term. Two days after he led a grand procession from 
his house in Dean Street to Westminster Hall, attended by 
the great officers of state, and many of the nobility, and 
he was duly installed in the Court of Chancery. He held 
the office between seven and eight years. His maiden speech, 
as a Lord, was in defence of the Royal Marriage Act. 

The best remembered judicial proceeding in which he 

took part was that of the trial of the Duchess 

Trial of of Kingston for bigamy, by the House of Lords, 

^^® which was held in Westminster Hall, April 15th, 


1776, and for which Lord Bathurst was ap- 
Kinffston pointed Lord High Steward. The Duchess had 

been a well-known beauty in her youth, when, 
as Miss Chudleigh, she was maid of honour to the Princess 
of Wales, mother of George IH. In spite of many suitors, 
she still remained Miss Chudleigh ; the fact being that she 
had privately married a young lieutenant in the navy, Mr. 
Hervey, whom she had not seen for many years. The 
marriage had taken place late one August night, 1744, at 
Launceston in Hampshire, by the light of a wax taper, placed 
in the "bowl" of the hat of a gentleman, who with an aunt 
of Miss Chudleigh, was one of the few witnesses of the 
ceremony. Mr. Hervey afterwards became Earl of Bristol, 
but he and his wife were completely estranged, and both 
seem to have repented of their hasty marriage. They agreed 
to a suit in the Ecclesiastical Court, by which they obtained 
a decree of nullity of marriage, though not without an oath 
on Miss Chudleigh's part which went perilously near the wind 
in regard to the facts of the marriage. On the strength of 
this. Miss Chudleigh, twenty-five years after her first mar- 
riage, was united to Evelyn Pierrepont, Duke of Kingston ; 
and it was not till after his death that the validity of this 


marriage was called in question by the heirs of the Duke, 
who claimed part of the fortune left to his widow. West- 
minster Hall was fitted up with as much grandeur as when 
Charles I, was tried there before Lord President Bradshaw 
and the " High Court of Justice," although in this instance, 
it was known that a conviction could only lead to an 
admonition "that the lady should not do the like again." 

When she first appeared at the bar, and curtseyed to the 
Peers, his Grace the Lord High Steward thus addressed her : 
— " Madam, you stand indicted for having married a second 
husband, your first husband being living. A crime so de- 
structive of the peace and happiness of private families, and 
so injurious in its consequences to the welfare and good 
order of society, that by the statute law of this kingdom it 
was for many years (in your sex) punishable with death ; 
the lenity, however, of later times has substituted a milder 
punishment in its stead. This consideration must necessarily 
tend to lessen the perturbation of your spirits upon such an 
awful occasion. But that, Madam, which, next to the inward 
feelings of your own conscience, will afford you most comfort 
is, reflecting upon the honour, the wisdom, and the candour 
of this high court of criminal jurisdiction. It is, Madam, by 
your particular desire that you now stand at that bar. In 
"your petition to the Lords, praying for a speedy trial, you 
assumed the title of Dowager Duchess of Kingston, and you 
likewise averred that Augustus John Hervey, whose wife the 
indictment charges you with being, is at this time Earl of 
Bristol. On examining the records, the Lords are satisfied 
of the truth of that averment, and have accordingly allowed 
you the privilege you petitioned for, of being tried by your 
peers in full Parliament ; and from them you will be sure 
to meet with nothing but justice, tempered with humanity." 


The great question was whether the sentence of the 
Ecclesiastical Court, which had been obtained, adjudging that 
there had been no prior marriage, was binding upon the 
House of Lords in this proceeding? This having been most 
learnedly argued by Thurlow and Wedderburn on the one 
side, and Wallace and Dunning on the other, the Lord High 
Steward, by the authority of the House, submitted it to the 
Judges. They gave an opinion in the negative, and the trial 
was ordered to proceed. 

It was then proved by the clearest evidence that the 
Duchess, w^hen Miss Chudleigh, and a maid of honour, had 
been secretly married to the Honourable A. J. Hervey, at 
that time a Lieutenant in the Navy, now Earl of Bristol, 
and that they lived together for some days, although after- 
wards, repenting of what they had done, they collusively 
tried to have the marriage declared null in the Ecclesiastical 
Court ; and that she had then married Evelyn Pierrepont, 
Duke of Kingston. The Lords unanimously found her 
guilty ; one Lord adding, " erroneously, not intentionally." 
Lord High Steward : " Madam, the Lords have considered 
the charge and evidence brought against you, and have like- 
wise considered of every thing which you have alleged in 
your defence ; and upon the whole matter their Lordships 
have found you guilty of the felony whereof you stand in- 
dicted. What have you to allege against judgement being 
pronounced upon you ? " She, having prayed the privilege 
of the peerage, to be exempt from punishment, and after 
argument a resolution being passed that she was entitled to 
it, the Lord High Steward said to her : " Madam, the Lords 
have considered of the prayer you have made, and the Lords 
allow it. But, Madam, let me add, that although very little 
punishment, or none, can now be inflicted, the feelings of 


your own conscience will supply that defect. And let me 
give you this information, likewise, that you can never have 
the like benefit a second time, but another offence of the 
same kind will be capital. Madam, you are discharged, 
paying your fees." His Grace then broke his white wand, 
and dissolved the Commission. 

A spectator of the trial {Mr. Henry Cowper) who gave 

an account of it in after years to one who is now living 

(1889), remarked that, as the lady was past fifty, and seemed 

to young eyes to have quite outlived all personal attractions, 

it appeared unnecessary to warn her against the repetition 

of her offence. The Duchess fainted, or pretended to faint, 

on hearing the verdict, and was carried out of court, her 

high-heeled shoe striking the same spectator on the mouth. 

The Chancellor was, unfortunately, a member of the 

Cabinet which originated and carried out the 

War with disastrous war with America, but it does not 

merica. ^^ppg^r that he took an active part in this policy, 

as he usually confined himself to questions connected with 


An unsuccessful attempt was made at one time to cor- 
rupt him by a secret offer to (Tryphena) Lady 
Dr. Dodd. Bathurst of 3000 guineas, for the living of St. 
George's, Hanover Square, which was in the 
Chancellor's gift. The offer was traced to the famous Dr. 
Dodd, then a King's Chaplain, and he was immediately 
dismissed from that office. He was a very popular preacher 
of the day, but to the dismay of his numerous admirers, he 
was subsequently convicted of forgery, and hung. 

Lord Bathurst resigned the Great Seal in June, 1788, 
Resigns the ^^^^^ which he was made President of the 
Great SeaL Council. 


The Lord President was the organ of the Government in 

the House of Lords respecting the proceedings 

■^^^^ to be taken in consequence of Lord George 

" . . Gordon's riots. These riots were occasioned by 


an attempt on the part of the government to 

relax the cruel and unjust laws against the Roman Catholics. 
Lord George Gordon got up a " No Popery " cry ; and, 
accompanied by a disorderly mob of many thousand persons, 
he marched through the streets to the Houses of Parliament, 
on the 2nd of June, 1780, with the intention of presenting 
a monster petition, complaining of the relaxation of the 
Penal Laws. No precautions having been taken against the 
progress of the mob, they took possession of Palace Yard 
some time before the two Houses met, as they did later in 
the afternoon. Then, with only a few doorkeepers and 
messengers between them and some of the principal objects 
of their fury, they were not long in learning the dangerous 
secret of their strength. The lords, in approaching West- 
minster Hall, were in serious danger from the violence of 
the mob, and it was with the utmost difficulty and after 
much ill usage, that they could force their way through 
Palace Yard. Lord Mansfield — who was particularly unpopular 
with the Protestant Associators, because he had, not long 
since, charged a jury to acquit a Roman Catholic priest, 
who was brought before him, charged with the crime of 
celebrating Mass— no sooner made his appearance, than his 
carriage was assailed and its windows broken, while the 
venerable judge, the object of the fiercest execrations as "a 
notorious Papist," made his way into the House with great 
difficulty, and on entering could not conceal his torn robe 
and his dishevelled wig. He took his seat on the woolsack 
(in the place of Lord Chancellor Thurlow, who was ill), 


pale, and quivering like an aspen. The Archbishop of 
York's lawn sleeves were torn off and flung in his face. 
The Bishop of Lincoln, disliked as a brother of Lord 
Thurlow, fared still worse; his carriage was demoUshed, while 
the prelate, half fainting, sought refuge in an adjacent house, 
from which, on recovering himself, he made his escape in 
another dress (some said in a woman's,) along the leads. 
From Lord President Bathurst they pulled his wig, telling 
him, in contumelious terms, that he was "the Pope," and 
also "an old woman;" thus, says Horace Walpole, splitting 
into two their notion of Pope Joan ! The Duke of North- 
umberland, having with him in his coach a gentleman in 
black, a cry arose among the multitude that the person thus 
attired must be a Jesuit and the Duke's confessor; on the 
strength of this, his Grace was forced from his carriage, and 
robbed of his watch and purse. Still, however, as the peers 
by degrees came in, the business of the House in regular 
course proceeded. Prayers were read, some formal business 
transacted, and the Duke of Richmond made a motion, as 
arranged, in favour of annual parliaments and unrestricted 
suffrage, and proceeded to state his reasons for thinking that, 
under present circumstances, political powers might safely be 
entrusted to the lowest orders of the people. His Grace 
was still speaking, when Lord Montfort burst into the House, 
and broke through his harangue. Lord Montfort said that 
he felt bound to acquaint their Lordships of the perilous 
situation in which, at that very moment, stood one of their 
own members, he meant Lord Boston, whom the mob had 
dragged out of his coach, and were cruelly maltreating. 
"At this instant," says an eye witness, "it is hardly possible 
to conceive a more grotesque appearance than the House 
exhibited. Some of their Lordships with their hair about 


their shoulders; others smutted with dirt; most of them as 
pale as the ghost in Hamlet; and all of them standing up 
in their several places, and speaking at the same instant. 
One Lord proposing to send for the Guards, another for the 
Justices or Civil Magistrates, many crying out. Adjourn ! 
Adjourn ! while the skies resounded with the huzzas, shout- 
ings, or hootings and hissings in Palace Yard. This scene 
of unprecedented alarm continued for about half-an-hour." 

Lord Bathurst showed great courage, and rose from the 
ministerial benches to implore order, and to make a regular 
motion ; but he could not procure a hearing. Lord Towns- 
hend offered to be one that would go in a body to the 
rescue of their brother peer. The Duke of Richmond, 
however, as a piece of pleasantry, — somewhat ill-timed, — ■ 
suggested that if they went as a House, the mace ought to 
be carried before the noble and learned Lord on the wool- 
sack, who (the Bishops being excused,) should go at their 
head, followed by the Lord President of the Council (Lord 
Bathurst), the next in rank who could fight. Lord Mansfield, 
then acting as Speaker in the absence of the Lord Chancellor, 
declared his readiness to do his duty. This proposal was 
still debating, rather too slowly for its object, when Lord 
Boston himself came in, with his hair dishevelled, and his 
clothes covered with hair-powder and mud. He had been 
exposed to especial danger, through a wholly unfounded 
suggestion from some persons in the crowd, that he was a 
Roman Catholic ; upon which the multitude, with loud im- 
precations, had threatened to cut the sign of the cross upon 
his forehead. But he had the skill to engage some of the 
ringleaders in a controversy on the question whether the 
Pope be Antichrist ; and while they were eagerly discussing 
that favourite point, he contrived to slip through them. 


After such alarms, however, the Peers did not resume the 
original debate. They summoned to the Bar two of the 
Middlesex Magistrates, who declared that they had received 
no orders from the Government, and that, with all their 
exertions since the beginning of the tumult, they had only 
been able to collect six constables. Finally, after some 
further tumultuous discussion, at eight o'clock, Lord Bathurst 
moved an adjournment, which was carried. The House had 
already gradually thinned, most of the Lords having either 
retired to the coffee-houses, or gone off in hackney-carriages, 
while others walked home under favour of the dusk of the 
evening, leaving Lord Mansfield, in the seventy-sixth year of 
his age, alone and unprotected, save by the officers of the 
House and his own servants. Meanwhile, the mob forced 
its way into the lobby of the House of Commons, while 
Lord George Gordon presented the petition within the 
House. At last the crowd was dispersed by the arrival of 
a detachment of Guards, who, however, did not succeed in 
preventing them from burning down two Roman Catholic 
chapels, by way of finishing the amusements of the day. 

Next day, in the House of Lords, " Earl Bathurst called 
the attention of the House to the great fall from dignity 
which their Lordships had suffered the preceding day, in 
consequence of the gross insults and violence offered to 
many of their Lordships' persons by the rioters and unruly 
mob which had assembled in the streets, and not only in- 
terrupted the members of that House in their way to it, 
and prevented many from coming to do their duty in 
Parliament, but had obliged others, after a compulsory 
adjournment, to steal away like guilty things, to save them- 
selves from being sacrificed to lawless fury. Their Lordships 
had witnessed the insults and violence offered to the persons 


of several of their Lordships ; but others had been still 
greater sufferers ; in particular, a right reverend Prelate (the 
Bishop of Lincoln), had been stopped in the street, — had 
been forced out of his coach, — the wheels of which were 
taken off,— and having sought refuge in a private house, had 
been followed by the mob, and had been obliged to make 
his escape in disguise. Before their Lordships proceeded to 
any other business, it behoved them to do something for the 
recovery of their dignity, by bringing the offenders to justice. 
He concluded by moving an address to his Majesty, praying 
'that he would give immediate directions for prosecuting in 
the most effectual manner, the authors, abettors, and instru- 
ments of the outrages committed yesterday in Palace Yard 
and places adjacent' " After a debate, in which the Govern- 
ment was severely blamed for negligence, in not taking proper 
measures to secure the peace of the metropolis, the motion 
was agreed to. 

Unfortunately, Lord Bathurst's good advice was not 
followed up with sufficient firmness ; and the populace con- 
tinued for several days to re-assemble and commit many 
lawless acts, burning and plundering the houses of Roman 
Catholics and other persons who had offended them, and 
finally burning down Newgate and setting free 300 prisoners, 
. — in fact, London was completely at the mercy of the 
roughs for a week, before the military succeeded in reducing 
them to order. As the sheriffs and jailers had become 
liable to very heavy fines and punishments for allowing the 
prisoners to escape, although they were not really guilty of 
any negligence. Lord Bathurst made a motion that the Judges 
should prepare a Bill "to indemnify the sheriffs and jailers 
for the escape of the prisoners during the late tumults;" 
and the Bill was brought in and passed without opposition. 


Lord Bathurst resigned his office of President of the 

Council in March, 1782, on the fall of Lord 

Resigns North's ministry. There was then no Parlia- 

_ ., , mentary allowance for ex-chancellors, and he de- 
President ,. , , , . ^ . 

nf thp clined the grant of a pension. During a few years 

Council. following he occasionally attended in his place 

in the House of Lords, but he did not mix in 
party contests. He was acknowledged, even by his opponents, 

to be a person of thorough honesty and integrity. 
Character, and was much praised for his temperate and 

regular habits (an unusual virtue in those days), 
and for the dignity and courtesy of his manners. In public 
life (as he often boasted,) he made no enemies, and in 
private life he was universally beloved. He remained a 

bachelor till he was forty, when he married a 
Marriage. widow, — Mrs. Phillips, — who, in four years, died 

without bringing him any children. In the fol- 
lowing year, 1759, he married Tryphena, daughter of Thomas 
Scawen, of Maidwell in Northamptonshire, whose mother 
was a daughter of Lord William Russell, — another Tryphena, 
— and by this wife he had six children. He spent the last 

years of life entirely at Cirencester, and died 
Death. there, after a gradual decay, on the 6th of 

August, 1794, at the age of eighty. He was 
buried in the family vault there, and a monument to his 
memory was erected in the parish church, with this simple 
and touching inscription, which he himself had composed : — • 
" In Memory of Henry Earl Bathurst, Son and Heir of 
Allen Earl Bathurst, and Dame Catherine, his wife. His 
ambition was to render himself not unworthy such Parents." 



It was he who gave the name to Apsley House, which 
he built on a piece of ground that had origin- 
Apsley ally been granted by George II. to an old 
House. soldier called Allen, whose wife kept an apple- 
stall on it. This apple-stall being given up, the 
ground was supposed to be Crown land, and a lease was 
granted to the Lord Chancellor, Lord Apsley, who proceeded 
to build a house upon it ; but the soldier's widow, aided by 
her son, who had risen in the world and become an 
attorney, filed a bill against the Chancellor, who was glad 
to compromise the matter, by giving the old apple -woman 
a sum of money, although it may be doubted whether or 
not George II. had any right to give away Crown land. 
This transaction caused a witty barrister to say : — " Here 
is a suit by one old woman against another old woman ; and 
the Chancellor has been beaten in his own court." Apsley 
House was originally built of red brick. It was sold about 
the beginning of this century by the 3rd Earl. 

Most of the particulars here given of the Chancellor's 
life are taken from Lord Campbell's Lives of the Lord 
Chancellors, vol. v., with some additions from Lord Stanhope's 
History of England, and other sources. 

The Chancellor left six children by his second wife, of 
whom the eldest, Henry, succeeded him. 

Henry, 3rd Earl Bathurst, held various offices under the 

Crown. He was a Teller of the Exchequer, 

Henry, Clerk of the Crown, Elder Brother of the 

3rd Earl. Trinity House, D. C. L., F. R. S., F. S. A., and 

Master Worker of the Mint. In 1807 he 

became President of the Board of Trade, in the Duke 

of Portland's ministry, and in 1809 Secretary of State for 

Foreign Affairs, which office, however, he only held froni 


October to December, when the Duke of Portland went 
out of office. In Mr. Spencer Perceval's ministry, December, 
1809, he was President of the Board of the Trade again;. 
and in 181 2 he became Colonial Secretary, and remained 
in that office for nearly 16 years, under three successive 
Prime Ministers, Lord Liverpool, George Canning, and Lord 
Goderich. Under the Duke of Wellington's administration,, 
from 1828 to 1830, he was President of the Council. 

He married Georgina, daughter of Lord George Lennox, 
and sister of Charles, 4th Duke of Richmond. 

Mem. with reference to the Bag of the Great Seal, date 
1 65 1, representing the Long Parliament; now at Cirencester 
House : — 

A new great seal was made by order of the Parlia- 
ment immediately after Charles L's death, which took 
place January 30th, 1649, according to modern style, but as 
at that time and up to 1752 the year in England was 
considered to begin on Lady-day (March 25th), the three 
first months of the year were counted in 1648. The 
Parliament had already, in 1643, had a seal made for its 
. own use, to supersede the royal seal, but this was an exact 
imitation of the king's seal. The seal of 1648 was entirely 
different. Clarendon describes it as having on one side the 
arms of England and Ireland ; but this must have been 
changed later, as in a print of it as it was in 1651 (see Old 
England) there is a map of England and Ireland, with some 
8q m 


large-sized ships sailing up the Channel — the British Sea, as 
it is called. On the other side was a representation of the 
Parliament, similar to the design on the bag at Cirencester 
in many details, but with a greater number of members, 
and the table with the mace placed higher up, close to the 
Speaker. Round it were the words : — " In the first yeare of 
freedome by God's blessing restored, 1648." 

With regard to the figures of the Speaker, and of the 
person standing at the head of the mace : Lenthall was 
Speaker from 1640 to 1653. The figure standing up is 
most likely to be intended for Cromwell. There was no 
•one who could be considered as Prime Minister at that 
time, but there is a mention in Lingard's History of 
England, date September i6th, 1651, of Cromwell's making 
a speech in the House of Commons, and " resuming his 
seat " there ; and it seems probable that he should have 
■occupied the seat at the head of the mace, as he was 
undoubtedly the head of the government. 

The Great Seal was in commission from 1643 to 1653. 
Among the six Commissioners were Oliver St. John, Earl of 
Bullingbrook, and Mr. Oliver St. John. The latter is said 
to have been a natural son of the house of Bullingbrook. 
He played an important part in the Rebellion, and was 
nicknamed "Oliver's Dark Lantern." He had been Solicitor- 
General under Charles I., and was afterwards made Chief 
Justice. The Apsleys were related to the St. Johns through 
Lucy St. John, third wife of the first Sir Allen Apsley, and 
mother of the second Sir Allen and Mrs. Hutchinson ; but 
the blood relationship between Mr. St. John and the Apsleys 
was not the cause of much friendship between them, since it 
is recorded that one of the Apsle}s, probably Colonel James 


Apsley, brother of the second Sir Allen, attempted to 
assassinate Mr. St. John in 1651, when St. John was on a 
diplomatic mission from the Commonwealth at the Hague, 
where Charles II. and his followers resided. Nor is it 
likely that there was any friendship between the Earl of 
Bullingbrook and the Apsleys, as, with the exception of the 
two Mrs. Hutchinsons, all that branch of the Apsleys were 
Cavaliers, so that it is very unlikely that the bag came into 
the Apsley family directly from any of the Commissioners of 
the Great Seal of the time, although it is probable that it 
was the perquisite of one or other of these Commissioners, 
and would most likely be handed down to his descendants 
as an interesting relic. Now, if we suppose that it fell into 
Lord Bullingbrook's hands, and descended to the inheritor 
of his title, it is not difficult to account for its presence at 
Cirencester. This Lord Bullingbrook (or Bolingbroke) died 
without male heirs, and was succeeded by his brother Paulet, 
who died without children in 171 1, when the title became 
extinct. It might easily happen that this last Earl Boling- 
broke might have left or given the bag to his cousin, 
the famous Henry St. John, who was created Viscount 
Bolingbroke, and was on terms of intimate friendship with 
Allen, Lord Bathurst, whose cousin he was, as Henry St. 
John was a great grandson of Sir John St. John, brother 
to Lucy, Lady Apsley, who was Lord Bathurst's great 
grandmother. St. John's Jacobitism was no crime in the 
eyes of Lord Bathurst, the defender of Bishop Atterbury ; 
and the bust and entire works of St. John, still to be seen 
in the library of Cirencester House, remain as a sign to 
this day of the close friendship which existed between the 
two. Now, very shortly after the death of the last Earl 
Bolingbroke, on the death of Queen Anne, in 17 14, Henry, 


Viscount Bolingbroke was forced to fly the country, on 
account of his Jacobite opinions, and it seems no very 
difficult thing to imagine that he may, at a time when 
household goods were inconvenient to him, have presented 
his friend Lord Bathurst with this interesting memorial of 
their common relative. 



-•■>r ^